Dark Money - The Hidden History of the Billionaires Behind the Rise of the Radical Right-logo

Dark Money - The Hidden History of the Billionaires Behind the Rise of the Radical Right

Jane Mayer

Why is America living in an age of profound economic inequality? Why, despite the desperate need to address climate change, have even modest environmental efforts been defeated again and again? Why have protections for employees been decimated? Why do hedge-fund billionaires pay a far lower tax rate than middle-class workers? The conventional answer is that a popular uprising against "big government" led to the ascendancy of a broad-based conservative movement. But as Jane Mayer shows in this powerful, meticulously reported history, a network of exceedingly wealthy people with extreme libertarian views bankrolled a systematic, step-by-step plan to fundamentally alter the American political system. The network has brought together some of the richest people on the planet. Their core beliefs-that taxes are a form of tyranny; that government oversight of business is an assault on freedom-are sincerely held. But these beliefs also advance their personal and corporate interests: Many of their companies have run afoul of federal pollution, worker safety, securities, and tax laws. The chief figures in the network are Charles and David Koch, whose father made his fortune in part by building oil refineries in Stalin's Russia and Hitler's Germany. The patriarch later was a founding member of the John Birch Society, whose politics were so radical it believed Dwight Eisenhower was a communist. The brothers were schooled in a political philosophy that asserted the only role of government is to provide security and to enforce property rights. When libertarian ideas proved decidedly unpopular with voters, the Koch brothers and their allies chose another path. If they pooled their vast resources, they could fund an interlocking array of organizations that could work in tandem to influence and ultimately control academic institutions, think tanks, the courts, statehouses, Congress, and, they hoped, the presidency. Richard Mellon Scaife, the mercurial heir to banking and oil fortunes, had the brilliant insight that most of the

Why is America living in an age of profound economic inequality? Why, despite the desperate need to address climate change, have even modest environmental efforts been defeated again and again? Why have protections for employees been decimated? Why do hedge-fund billionaires pay a far lower tax rate than middle-class workers? The conventional answer is that a popular uprising against "big government" led to the ascendancy of a broad-based conservative movement. But as Jane Mayer shows in this powerful, meticulously reported history, a network of exceedingly wealthy people with extreme libertarian views bankrolled a systematic, step-by-step plan to fundamentally alter the American political system. The network has brought together some of the richest people on the planet. Their core beliefs-that taxes are a form of tyranny; that government oversight of business is an assault on freedom-are sincerely held. But these beliefs also advance their personal and corporate interests: Many of their companies have run afoul of federal pollution, worker safety, securities, and tax laws. The chief figures in the network are Charles and David Koch, whose father made his fortune in part by building oil refineries in Stalin's Russia and Hitler's Germany. The patriarch later was a founding member of the John Birch Society, whose politics were so radical it believed Dwight Eisenhower was a communist. The brothers were schooled in a political philosophy that asserted the only role of government is to provide security and to enforce property rights. When libertarian ideas proved decidedly unpopular with voters, the Koch brothers and their allies chose another path. If they pooled their vast resources, they could fund an interlocking array of organizations that could work in tandem to influence and ultimately control academic institutions, think tanks, the courts, statehouses, Congress, and, they hoped, the presidency. Richard Mellon Scaife, the mercurial heir to banking and oil fortunes, had the brilliant insight that most of the
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Why is America living in an age of profound economic inequality? Why, despite the desperate need to address climate change, have even modest environmental efforts been defeated again and again? Why have protections for employees been decimated? Why do hedge-fund billionaires pay a far lower tax rate than middle-class workers? The conventional answer is that a popular uprising against "big government" led to the ascendancy of a broad-based conservative movement. But as Jane Mayer shows in this powerful, meticulously reported history, a network of exceedingly wealthy people with extreme libertarian views bankrolled a systematic, step-by-step plan to fundamentally alter the American political system. The network has brought together some of the richest people on the planet. Their core beliefs-that taxes are a form of tyranny; that government oversight of business is an assault on freedom-are sincerely held. But these beliefs also advance their personal and corporate interests: Many of their companies have run afoul of federal pollution, worker safety, securities, and tax laws. The chief figures in the network are Charles and David Koch, whose father made his fortune in part by building oil refineries in Stalin's Russia and Hitler's Germany. The patriarch later was a founding member of the John Birch Society, whose politics were so radical it believed Dwight Eisenhower was a communist. The brothers were schooled in a political philosophy that asserted the only role of government is to provide security and to enforce property rights. When libertarian ideas proved decidedly unpopular with voters, the Koch brothers and their allies chose another path. If they pooled their vast resources, they could fund an interlocking array of organizations that could work in tandem to influence and ultimately control academic institutions, think tanks, the courts, statehouses, Congress, and, they hoped, the presidency. Richard Mellon Scaife, the mercurial heir to banking and oil fortunes, had the brilliant insight that most of the

Language:

English

Narrators:

Kirsten Potter

Length:

16h 56m


Chapters

Chapter 1
Chapter 1

00:16


Chapter 2
Chapter 2

00:16


Chapter 3
Chapter 3

08:56


Chapter 4
Chapter 4

04:34


Chapter 5
Chapter 5

04:56


Chapter 6
Chapter 6

04:55


Chapter 7
Chapter 7

05:59


Chapter 8
Chapter 8

07:21


Chapter 9
Chapter 9

07:16


Chapter 10
Chapter 10

05:38


Chapter 11
Chapter 11

05:33


Chapter 12
Chapter 12

05:42


Chapter 13
Chapter 13

08:42


Chapter 14
Chapter 14

06:30


Chapter 15
Chapter 15

04:47


Chapter 16
Chapter 16

05:15


Chapter 17
Chapter 17

05:09


Chapter 18
Chapter 18

06:26


Chapter 19
Chapter 19

07:37


Chapter 20
Chapter 20

05:33


Chapter 21
Chapter 21

05:27


Chapter 22
Chapter 22

06:53


Chapter 23
Chapter 23

06:34


Chapter 24
Chapter 24

05:19


Chapter 25
Chapter 25

09:32


Chapter 26
Chapter 26

07:47


Chapter 27
Chapter 27

06:19


Chapter 28
Chapter 28

06:25


Chapter 29
Chapter 29

08:00


Chapter 30
Chapter 30

07:28


Chapter 31
Chapter 31

07:19


Chapter 32
Chapter 32

06:57


Chapter 33
Chapter 33

06:27


Chapter 34
Chapter 34

05:27


Chapter 35
Chapter 35

05:41


Chapter 36
Chapter 36

06:11


Chapter 37
Chapter 37

05:20


Chapter 38
Chapter 38

05:35


Chapter 39
Chapter 39

04:38


Chapter 40
Chapter 40

08:58


Chapter 41
Chapter 41

07:00


Chapter 42
Chapter 42

05:59


Chapter 43
Chapter 43

08:32


Chapter 44
Chapter 44

08:08


Chapter 45
Chapter 45

05:05


Chapter 46
Chapter 46

07:22


Chapter 47
Chapter 47

04:58


Chapter 48
Chapter 48

05:22


Chapter 49
Chapter 49

04:58


Chapter 50
Chapter 50

06:48


Chapter 51
Chapter 51

06:26


Chapter 52
Chapter 52

04:57


Chapter 53
Chapter 53

07:10


Chapter 54
Chapter 54

06:47


Chapter 55
Chapter 55

08:01


Chapter 56
Chapter 56

06:49


Chapter 57
Chapter 57

04:44


Chapter 58
Chapter 58

05:38


Chapter 59
Chapter 59

04:34


Chapter 60
Chapter 60

05:42


Chapter 61
Chapter 61

07:16


Chapter 62
Chapter 62

03:53


Chapter 63
Chapter 63

06:34


Chapter 64
Chapter 64

07:07


Chapter 65
Chapter 65

05:26


Chapter 66
Chapter 66

05:38


Chapter 67
Chapter 67

07:55


Chapter 68
Chapter 68

07:22


Chapter 69
Chapter 69

05:53


Chapter 70
Chapter 70

04:44


Chapter 71
Chapter 71

05:25


Chapter 72
Chapter 72

06:14


Chapter 73
Chapter 73

08:05


Chapter 74
Chapter 74

06:15


Chapter 75
Chapter 75

05:57


Chapter 76
Chapter 76

05:23


Chapter 77
Chapter 77

05:06


Chapter 78
Chapter 78

09:23


Chapter 79
Chapter 79

08:17


Chapter 80
Chapter 80

09:23


Chapter 81
Chapter 81

05:19


Chapter 82
Chapter 82

04:27


Chapter 83
Chapter 83

08:34


Chapter 84
Chapter 84

06:24


Chapter 85
Chapter 85

06:13


Chapter 86
Chapter 86

06:40


Chapter 87
Chapter 87

05:54


Chapter 88
Chapter 88

06:03


Chapter 89
Chapter 89

07:37


Chapter 90
Chapter 90

06:42


Chapter 91
Chapter 91

07:40


Chapter 92
Chapter 92

06:24


Chapter 93
Chapter 93

06:20


Chapter 94
Chapter 94

07:10


Chapter 95
Chapter 95

07:04


Chapter 96
Chapter 96

03:49


Chapter 97
Chapter 97

04:19


Chapter 98
Chapter 98

06:07


Chapter 99
Chapter 99

08:17


Chapter 100
Chapter 100

05:45


Chapter 101
Chapter 101

06:33


Chapter 102
Chapter 102

06:37


Chapter 103
Chapter 103

07:08


Chapter 104
Chapter 104

06:16


Chapter 105
Chapter 105

07:21


Chapter 106
Chapter 106

06:38


Chapter 107
Chapter 107

05:52


Chapter 108
Chapter 108

05:18


Chapter 109
Chapter 109

07:24


Chapter 110
Chapter 110

07:34


Chapter 111
Chapter 111

06:01


Chapter 112
Chapter 112

05:18


Chapter 113
Chapter 113

07:36


Chapter 114
Chapter 114

05:38


Chapter 115
Chapter 115

05:52


Chapter 116
Chapter 116

09:02


Chapter 117
Chapter 117

06:16


Chapter 118
Chapter 118

05:12


Chapter 119
Chapter 119

07:21


Chapter 120
Chapter 120

05:59


Chapter 121
Chapter 121

05:56


Chapter 122
Chapter 122

05:52


Chapter 123
Chapter 123

06:47


Chapter 124
Chapter 124

05:36


Chapter 125
Chapter 125

07:32


Chapter 126
Chapter 126

05:22


Chapter 127
Chapter 127

05:29


Chapter 128
Chapter 128

08:08


Chapter 129
Chapter 129

08:38


Chapter 130
Chapter 130

07:41


Chapter 131
Chapter 131

07:58


Chapter 132
Chapter 132

07:14


Chapter 133
Chapter 133

07:18


Chapter 134
Chapter 134

08:20


Chapter 135
Chapter 135

08:36


Chapter 136
Chapter 136

06:41


Chapter 137
Chapter 137

05:14


Chapter 138
Chapter 138

06:20


Chapter 139
Chapter 139

07:40


Chapter 140
Chapter 140

08:24


Chapter 141
Chapter 141

07:23


Chapter 142
Chapter 142

05:01


Chapter 143
Chapter 143

05:32


Chapter 144
Chapter 144

06:51


Chapter 145
Chapter 145

08:53


Chapter 146
Chapter 146

07:26


Chapter 147
Chapter 147

07:09


Chapter 148
Chapter 148

06:22


Chapter 149
Chapter 149

05:35


Chapter 150
Chapter 150

06:36


Chapter 151
Chapter 151

06:41


Chapter 152
Chapter 152

04:26


Chapter 153
Chapter 153

06:33


Chapter 154
Chapter 154

08:41


Chapter 155
Chapter 155

04:53


Chapter 156
Chapter 156

09:09


Chapter 157
Chapter 157

05:27


Chapter 158
Chapter 158

04:55


Chapter 159
Chapter 159

00:27