Just Babies - The Origins of Good and Evil-logo

Just Babies - The Origins of Good and Evil

Paul Bloom

A leading cognitive scientist argues that a deep sense of good and evil is bred in the bone. From John Locke to Sigmund Freud, philosophers and psychologists have long believed that we begin life as blank moral slates. Many of us take for granted that babies are born selfish and that it is the role of society-and especially parents-to transform them from little sociopaths into civilized beings. In Just Babies, Paul Bloom argues that humans are in fact hardwired with a sense of morality. Drawing on groundbreaking research at Yale, Bloom demonstrates that, even before they can speak or walk, babies judge the goodness and badness of others' actions; feel empathy and compassion; act to soothe those in distress; and have a rudimentary sense of justice. Still, this innate morality is limited, sometimes tragically. We are naturally hostile to strangers, prone to parochialism and bigotry. Bringing together insights from psychology, behavioral economics, evolutionary biology, and philosophy, Bloom explores how we have come to surpass these limitations. Along the way, he examines the morality of chimpanzees, violent psychopaths, religious extremists, and Ivy League professors, and explores our often puzzling moral feelings about sex, politics, religion, and race. In his analysis of the morality of children and adults, Bloom rejects the fashionable view that our moral decisions are driven mainly by gut feelings and unconscious biases. Just as reason has driven our great scientific discoveries, he argues, it is reason and deliberation that makes possible our moral discoveries, such as the wrongness of slavery. Ultimately, it is through our imagination, our compassion, and our uniquely human capacity for rational thought that we can transcend the primitive sense of morality we were born with, becoming more than just babies. Paul Bloom has a gift for bringing abstract ideas to life, moving seamlessly from Darwin, Herodotus, and Adam Smith to The Princess Bride, Hannibal Lecter, and Louis C.K. Vivid, witty, and intellectu

A leading cognitive scientist argues that a deep sense of good and evil is bred in the bone. From John Locke to Sigmund Freud, philosophers and psychologists have long believed that we begin life as blank moral slates. Many of us take for granted that babies are born selfish and that it is the role of society-and especially parents-to transform them from little sociopaths into civilized beings. In Just Babies, Paul Bloom argues that humans are in fact hardwired with a sense of morality. Drawing on groundbreaking research at Yale, Bloom demonstrates that, even before they can speak or walk, babies judge the goodness and badness of others' actions; feel empathy and compassion; act to soothe those in distress; and have a rudimentary sense of justice. Still, this innate morality is limited, sometimes tragically. We are naturally hostile to strangers, prone to parochialism and bigotry. Bringing together insights from psychology, behavioral economics, evolutionary biology, and philosophy, Bloom explores how we have come to surpass these limitations. Along the way, he examines the morality of chimpanzees, violent psychopaths, religious extremists, and Ivy League professors, and explores our often puzzling moral feelings about sex, politics, religion, and race. In his analysis of the morality of children and adults, Bloom rejects the fashionable view that our moral decisions are driven mainly by gut feelings and unconscious biases. Just as reason has driven our great scientific discoveries, he argues, it is reason and deliberation that makes possible our moral discoveries, such as the wrongness of slavery. Ultimately, it is through our imagination, our compassion, and our uniquely human capacity for rational thought that we can transcend the primitive sense of morality we were born with, becoming more than just babies. Paul Bloom has a gift for bringing abstract ideas to life, moving seamlessly from Darwin, Herodotus, and Adam Smith to The Princess Bride, Hannibal Lecter, and Louis C.K. Vivid, witty, and intellectu
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Description:

A leading cognitive scientist argues that a deep sense of good and evil is bred in the bone. From John Locke to Sigmund Freud, philosophers and psychologists have long believed that we begin life as blank moral slates. Many of us take for granted that babies are born selfish and that it is the role of society-and especially parents-to transform them from little sociopaths into civilized beings. In Just Babies, Paul Bloom argues that humans are in fact hardwired with a sense of morality. Drawing on groundbreaking research at Yale, Bloom demonstrates that, even before they can speak or walk, babies judge the goodness and badness of others' actions; feel empathy and compassion; act to soothe those in distress; and have a rudimentary sense of justice. Still, this innate morality is limited, sometimes tragically. We are naturally hostile to strangers, prone to parochialism and bigotry. Bringing together insights from psychology, behavioral economics, evolutionary biology, and philosophy, Bloom explores how we have come to surpass these limitations. Along the way, he examines the morality of chimpanzees, violent psychopaths, religious extremists, and Ivy League professors, and explores our often puzzling moral feelings about sex, politics, religion, and race. In his analysis of the morality of children and adults, Bloom rejects the fashionable view that our moral decisions are driven mainly by gut feelings and unconscious biases. Just as reason has driven our great scientific discoveries, he argues, it is reason and deliberation that makes possible our moral discoveries, such as the wrongness of slavery. Ultimately, it is through our imagination, our compassion, and our uniquely human capacity for rational thought that we can transcend the primitive sense of morality we were born with, becoming more than just babies. Paul Bloom has a gift for bringing abstract ideas to life, moving seamlessly from Darwin, Herodotus, and Adam Smith to The Princess Bride, Hannibal Lecter, and Louis C.K. Vivid, witty, and intellectu

Language:

English

Narrators:

Mike Chamberlain

Length:

6h 42m


Chapters

Free Sample

04:25

Chapter 1
Chapter 1

00:18


Chapter 2
Chapter 2

00:54


Chapter 3
Chapter 3

04:27


Chapter 4
Chapter 4

05:14


Chapter 5
Chapter 5

06:44


Chapter 6
Chapter 6

05:28


Chapter 7
Chapter 7

04:43


Chapter 8
Chapter 8

04:35


Chapter 9
Chapter 9

05:27


Chapter 10
Chapter 10

05:43


Chapter 11
Chapter 11

06:26


Chapter 12
Chapter 12

07:06


Chapter 13
Chapter 13

05:12


Chapter 14
Chapter 14

06:50


Chapter 15
Chapter 15

05:38


Chapter 16
Chapter 16

04:45


Chapter 17
Chapter 17

04:24


Chapter 18
Chapter 18

05:23


Chapter 19
Chapter 19

05:02


Chapter 20
Chapter 20

03:39


Chapter 21
Chapter 21

05:36


Chapter 22
Chapter 22

05:18


Chapter 23
Chapter 23

05:25


Chapter 24
Chapter 24

05:16


Chapter 25
Chapter 25

05:12


Chapter 26
Chapter 26

07:54


Chapter 27
Chapter 27

05:30


Chapter 28
Chapter 28

08:54


Chapter 29
Chapter 29

06:07


Chapter 30
Chapter 30

08:14


Chapter 31
Chapter 31

08:09


Chapter 32
Chapter 32

08:24


Chapter 33
Chapter 33

03:17


Chapter 34
Chapter 34

05:08


Chapter 35
Chapter 35

04:13


Chapter 36
Chapter 36

06:29


Chapter 37
Chapter 37

04:18


Chapter 38
Chapter 38

05:16


Chapter 39
Chapter 39

08:26


Chapter 40
Chapter 40

08:55


Chapter 41
Chapter 41

05:16


Chapter 42
Chapter 42

08:12


Chapter 43
Chapter 43

03:41


Chapter 44
Chapter 44

05:53


Chapter 45
Chapter 45

05:33


Chapter 46
Chapter 46

03:50


Chapter 47
Chapter 47

06:46


Chapter 48
Chapter 48

05:57


Chapter 49
Chapter 49

05:14


Chapter 50
Chapter 50

05:08


Chapter 51
Chapter 51

09:00


Chapter 52
Chapter 52

03:22


Chapter 53
Chapter 53

08:05


Chapter 54
Chapter 54

04:41


Chapter 55
Chapter 55

04:33


Chapter 56
Chapter 56

04:57


Chapter 57
Chapter 57

04:38


Chapter 58
Chapter 58

08:45


Chapter 59
Chapter 59

03:41


Chapter 60
Chapter 60

05:20


Chapter 61
Chapter 61

03:51


Chapter 62
Chapter 62

07:29


Chapter 63
Chapter 63

06:54


Chapter 64
Chapter 64

05:33


Chapter 65
Chapter 65

05:29


Chapter 66
Chapter 66

05:37


Chapter 67
Chapter 67

05:07


Chapter 68
Chapter 68

06:07


Chapter 69
Chapter 69

05:14


Chapter 70
Chapter 70

04:44


Chapter 71
Chapter 71

04:48


Chapter 72
Chapter 72

04:28


Chapter 73
Chapter 73

00:34