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Last Stand

Michael Punke

In the last three decades of the nineteenth century, an American buffalo herd once numbering 30 million animals was reduced to twenty-three. It was the era of Manifest Destiny, a gilded age that viewed the West as nothing more than a treasure chest of resources to be dug up or shot down. Supporting hide hunters was the U.S. Army, which considered the eradication of the buffalo essential to victory in its ongoing war on Native Americans. Into that maelstrom rode young George Bird Grinnell. A scientist and a journalist, a hunter and a conservationist, Grinnell would lead the battle to save the buffalo from extinction. Fighting in the pages of magazines, in Washington's halls of power, and in the frozen valleys of Yellowstone, Grinnell and his allies sought to preserve an icon. Grinnell shared his adventures with some of the greatest and most infamous characters of the American West-from John James Audubon and Buffalo Bill to George Armstrong Custer and Theodore Roosevelt. Last Stand is a strikingly contemporary story: the saga of Grinnell and the buffalo was the first national battle over the environment. Grinnell's legacy includes the birth of the conservation movement as a potent political force.

In the last three decades of the nineteenth century, an American buffalo herd once numbering 30 million animals was reduced to twenty-three. It was the era of Manifest Destiny, a gilded age that viewed the West as nothing more than a treasure chest of resources to be dug up or shot down. Supporting hide hunters was the U.S. Army, which considered the eradication of the buffalo essential to victory in its ongoing war on Native Americans. Into that maelstrom rode young George Bird Grinnell. A scientist and a journalist, a hunter and a conservationist, Grinnell would lead the battle to save the buffalo from extinction. Fighting in the pages of magazines, in Washington's halls of power, and in the frozen valleys of Yellowstone, Grinnell and his allies sought to preserve an icon. Grinnell shared his adventures with some of the greatest and most infamous characters of the American West-from John James Audubon and Buffalo Bill to George Armstrong Custer and Theodore Roosevelt. Last Stand is a strikingly contemporary story: the saga of Grinnell and the buffalo was the first national battle over the environment. Grinnell's legacy includes the birth of the conservation movement as a potent political force.
More Information

Genres:

History

Description:

In the last three decades of the nineteenth century, an American buffalo herd once numbering 30 million animals was reduced to twenty-three. It was the era of Manifest Destiny, a gilded age that viewed the West as nothing more than a treasure chest of resources to be dug up or shot down. Supporting hide hunters was the U.S. Army, which considered the eradication of the buffalo essential to victory in its ongoing war on Native Americans. Into that maelstrom rode young George Bird Grinnell. A scientist and a journalist, a hunter and a conservationist, Grinnell would lead the battle to save the buffalo from extinction. Fighting in the pages of magazines, in Washington's halls of power, and in the frozen valleys of Yellowstone, Grinnell and his allies sought to preserve an icon. Grinnell shared his adventures with some of the greatest and most infamous characters of the American West-from John James Audubon and Buffalo Bill to George Armstrong Custer and Theodore Roosevelt. Last Stand is a strikingly contemporary story: the saga of Grinnell and the buffalo was the first national battle over the environment. Grinnell's legacy includes the birth of the conservation movement as a potent political force.

Language:

English

Narrators:

Sean Runnette

Length:

9h 24m


Chapters

Free Sample

04:15

Introduction
Introduction

00:13


Chapter 1
Chapter 1

00:11


Chapter 2
Chapter 2

00:41


Chapter 3
Chapter 3

04:14


Chapter 4
Chapter 4

06:40


Chapter 5
Chapter 5

06:57


Chapter 6
Chapter 6

08:44


Chapter 7
Chapter 7

04:48


Chapter 8
Chapter 8

07:46


Chapter 9
Chapter 9

07:13


Chapter 10
Chapter 10

06:28


Chapter 11
Chapter 11

08:04


Chapter 12
Chapter 12

08:40


Chapter 13
Chapter 13

02:13


Chapter 14
Chapter 14

07:31


Chapter 15
Chapter 15

06:55


Chapter 16
Chapter 16

06:40


Chapter 17
Chapter 17

07:20


Chapter 18
Chapter 18

06:32


Chapter 19
Chapter 19

07:39


Chapter 20
Chapter 20

08:01


Chapter 21
Chapter 21

08:29


Chapter 22
Chapter 22

07:15


Chapter 23
Chapter 23

06:17


Chapter 24
Chapter 24

09:03


Chapter 25
Chapter 25

08:46


Chapter 26
Chapter 26

07:23


Chapter 27
Chapter 27

07:45


Chapter 28
Chapter 28

08:28


Chapter 29
Chapter 29

07:55


Chapter 30
Chapter 30

08:47


Chapter 31
Chapter 31

07:28


Chapter 32
Chapter 32

06:19


Chapter 33
Chapter 33

04:55


Chapter 34
Chapter 34

08:19


Chapter 35
Chapter 35

08:52


Chapter 36
Chapter 36

07:28


Chapter 37
Chapter 37

08:10


Chapter 38
Chapter 38

06:42


Chapter 39
Chapter 39

06:25


Chapter 40
Chapter 40

07:58


Chapter 41
Chapter 41

05:55


Chapter 42
Chapter 42

08:18


Chapter 43
Chapter 43

05:37


Chapter 44
Chapter 44

06:44


Chapter 45
Chapter 45

04:52


Chapter 46
Chapter 46

08:14


Chapter 47
Chapter 47

06:33


Chapter 48
Chapter 48

07:36


Chapter 49
Chapter 49

08:26


Chapter 50
Chapter 50

07:03


Chapter 51
Chapter 51

07:41


Chapter 52
Chapter 52

06:49


Chapter 53
Chapter 53

06:53


Chapter 54
Chapter 54

07:24


Chapter 55
Chapter 55

06:22


Chapter 56
Chapter 56

06:18


Chapter 57
Chapter 57

08:36


Chapter 58
Chapter 58

07:30


Chapter 59
Chapter 59

07:06


Chapter 60
Chapter 60

05:32


Chapter 61
Chapter 61

07:12


Chapter 62
Chapter 62

07:31


Chapter 63
Chapter 63

06:36


Chapter 64
Chapter 64

07:30


Chapter 65
Chapter 65

08:23


Chapter 66
Chapter 66

08:03


Chapter 67
Chapter 67

07:32


Chapter 68
Chapter 68

06:19


Chapter 69
Chapter 69

04:50


Chapter 70
Chapter 70

04:45


Chapter 71
Chapter 71

08:11


Chapter 72
Chapter 72

08:16


Chapter 73
Chapter 73

08:34


Chapter 74
Chapter 74

06:35


Chapter 75
Chapter 75

06:37


Chapter 76
Chapter 76

07:36


Chapter 77
Chapter 77

08:00


Chapter 78
Chapter 78

06:47


Chapter 79
Chapter 79

05:34


Chapter 80
Chapter 80

05:20


Chapter 81
Chapter 81

08:05


Chapter 82
Chapter 82

00:25