Mysteries of the Middle Ages - The Rise of Feminism, Science and Art from the Cults of Catholic Europe-logo

Mysteries of the Middle Ages - The Rise of Feminism, Science and Art from the Cults of Catholic Europe

Thomas Cahill

After the long period of cultural decline known as the Dark Ages, Europe experienced a rebirth of scholarship, art, literature, philosophy, and science and began to develop a vision of Western society that remains at the heart of Western civilization today. By placing the image of the Virgin Mary at the center of their churches and their lives, medieval people exalted womanhood to a level unknown in any previous society. For the first time, men began to treat women with dignity and women took up professions that had always been closed to them. The communion bread, believed to be the body of Jesus, encouraged the formulation of new questions in philosophy: Could reality be so fluid that one substance could be transformed into another? Could ordinary bread become a holy reality? Could mud become gold, as the alchemists believed? These new questions pushed the minds of medieval thinkers toward what would become modern science. Artists began to ask themselves similar questions. How can we depict human anatomy so that it looks real to the viewer? How can we depict motion in a composition that never moves? How can two dimensions appear to be three? Medieval artists (and writers, too) invented the Western tradition of realism. On visits to the great cities of Europe-monumental Rome; the intellectually explosive Paris of Peter Abelard and Thomas Aquinas; the hotbed of scientific study that was Oxford; and the incomparable Florence of Dante and Giotto-Cahill brilliantly captures the spirit of experimentation, the colorful pageantry, and the passionate pursuit of knowledge that built the foundations for the modern world.

After the long period of cultural decline known as the Dark Ages, Europe experienced a rebirth of scholarship, art, literature, philosophy, and science and began to develop a vision of Western society that remains at the heart of Western civilization today. By placing the image of the Virgin Mary at the center of their churches and their lives, medieval people exalted womanhood to a level unknown in any previous society. For the first time, men began to treat women with dignity and women took up professions that had always been closed to them. The communion bread, believed to be the body of Jesus, encouraged the formulation of new questions in philosophy: Could reality be so fluid that one substance could be transformed into another? Could ordinary bread become a holy reality? Could mud become gold, as the alchemists believed? These new questions pushed the minds of medieval thinkers toward what would become modern science. Artists began to ask themselves similar questions. How can we depict human anatomy so that it looks real to the viewer? How can we depict motion in a composition that never moves? How can two dimensions appear to be three? Medieval artists (and writers, too) invented the Western tradition of realism. On visits to the great cities of Europe-monumental Rome; the intellectually explosive Paris of Peter Abelard and Thomas Aquinas; the hotbed of scientific study that was Oxford; and the incomparable Florence of Dante and Giotto-Cahill brilliantly captures the spirit of experimentation, the colorful pageantry, and the passionate pursuit of knowledge that built the foundations for the modern world.
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After the long period of cultural decline known as the Dark Ages, Europe experienced a rebirth of scholarship, art, literature, philosophy, and science and began to develop a vision of Western society that remains at the heart of Western civilization today. By placing the image of the Virgin Mary at the center of their churches and their lives, medieval people exalted womanhood to a level unknown in any previous society. For the first time, men began to treat women with dignity and women took up professions that had always been closed to them. The communion bread, believed to be the body of Jesus, encouraged the formulation of new questions in philosophy: Could reality be so fluid that one substance could be transformed into another? Could ordinary bread become a holy reality? Could mud become gold, as the alchemists believed? These new questions pushed the minds of medieval thinkers toward what would become modern science. Artists began to ask themselves similar questions. How can we depict human anatomy so that it looks real to the viewer? How can we depict motion in a composition that never moves? How can two dimensions appear to be three? Medieval artists (and writers, too) invented the Western tradition of realism. On visits to the great cities of Europe-monumental Rome; the intellectually explosive Paris of Peter Abelard and Thomas Aquinas; the hotbed of scientific study that was Oxford; and the incomparable Florence of Dante and Giotto-Cahill brilliantly captures the spirit of experimentation, the colorful pageantry, and the passionate pursuit of knowledge that built the foundations for the modern world.

Language:

English

Length:

6h 30m


Chapters

Chapter 1
Chapter 1

04:01


Chapter 2
Chapter 2

03:47


Chapter 3
Chapter 3

02:59


Chapter 4
Chapter 4

03:34


Chapter 5
Chapter 5

05:03


Chapter 6
Chapter 6

04:38


Chapter 7
Chapter 7

03:34


Chapter 8
Chapter 8

04:43


Chapter 9
Chapter 9

03:28


Chapter 10
Chapter 10

04:14


Chapter 11
Chapter 11

04:28


Chapter 12
Chapter 12

04:28


Chapter 13
Chapter 13

03:13


Chapter 14
Chapter 14

04:02


Chapter 15
Chapter 15

04:38


Chapter 16
Chapter 16

02:46


Chapter 17
Chapter 17

04:51


Chapter 18
Chapter 18

04:29


Chapter 19
Chapter 19

04:39


Chapter 20
Chapter 20

04:52


Chapter 21
Chapter 21

04:56


Chapter 22
Chapter 22

04:43


Chapter 23
Chapter 23

03:24


Chapter 24
Chapter 24

04:43


Chapter 25
Chapter 25

03:36


Chapter 26
Chapter 26

04:07


Chapter 27
Chapter 27

03:27


Chapter 28
Chapter 28

03:40


Chapter 29
Chapter 29

04:47


Chapter 30
Chapter 30

03:21


Chapter 31
Chapter 31

03:10


Chapter 32
Chapter 32

04:20


Chapter 33
Chapter 33

03:36


Chapter 34
Chapter 34

02:39


Chapter 35
Chapter 35

04:55


Chapter 36
Chapter 36

03:42


Chapter 37
Chapter 37

03:13


Chapter 38
Chapter 38

03:37


Chapter 39
Chapter 39

03:30


Chapter 40
Chapter 40

04:43


Chapter 41
Chapter 41

03:37


Chapter 42
Chapter 42

04:52


Chapter 43
Chapter 43

03:22


Chapter 44
Chapter 44

04:43


Chapter 45
Chapter 45

03:44


Chapter 46
Chapter 46

03:59


Chapter 47
Chapter 47

03:20


Chapter 48
Chapter 48

03:22


Chapter 49
Chapter 49

03:24


Chapter 50
Chapter 50

03:01


Chapter 51
Chapter 51

03:05


Chapter 52
Chapter 52

05:02


Chapter 53
Chapter 53

03:32


Chapter 54
Chapter 54

03:19


Chapter 55
Chapter 55

03:33


Chapter 56
Chapter 56

02:56


Chapter 57
Chapter 57

03:29


Chapter 58
Chapter 58

04:15


Chapter 59
Chapter 59

03:41


Chapter 60
Chapter 60

02:52


Chapter 61
Chapter 61

05:14


Chapter 62
Chapter 62

05:00


Chapter 63
Chapter 63

04:00


Chapter 64
Chapter 64

04:34


Chapter 65
Chapter 65

03:27


Chapter 66
Chapter 66

02:46


Chapter 67
Chapter 67

04:37


Chapter 68
Chapter 68

03:59


Chapter 69
Chapter 69

02:52


Chapter 70
Chapter 70

04:11


Chapter 71
Chapter 71

03:20


Chapter 72
Chapter 72

04:26


Chapter 73
Chapter 73

03:51


Chapter 74
Chapter 74

03:55


Chapter 75
Chapter 75

03:03


Chapter 76
Chapter 76

03:28


Chapter 77
Chapter 77

04:29


Chapter 78
Chapter 78

04:47


Chapter 79
Chapter 79

03:06


Chapter 80
Chapter 80

03:06


Chapter 81
Chapter 81

05:08


Chapter 82
Chapter 82

04:30


Chapter 83
Chapter 83

03:24


Chapter 84
Chapter 84

03:28


Chapter 85
Chapter 85

04:24


Chapter 86
Chapter 86

05:03


Chapter 87
Chapter 87

04:27


Chapter 88
Chapter 88

04:55


Chapter 89
Chapter 89

04:06


Chapter 90
Chapter 90

05:03


Chapter 91
Chapter 91

03:35


Chapter 92
Chapter 92

02:36


Chapter 93
Chapter 93

05:10


Chapter 94
Chapter 94

03:09


Chapter 95
Chapter 95

03:50


Chapter 96
Chapter 96

05:11


Chapter 97
Chapter 97

04:23


Chapter 98
Chapter 98

03:07


Chapter 99
Chapter 99

02:54