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Natural History Volume 4

Pliny the Elder

More Information

Genres:

Philosophy

Description:

Naturalis Historia (Latin for "Natural History") is an encyclopedia published circa AD 77-79 by Pliny the Elder. It is one of the largest single works to have survived from the Roman empire to the modern day and purports to cover the entire field of ancient knowledge, based on the best authorities available to Pliny. The work became a model for all later encyclopedias in terms of the breadth of subject matter examined, the need to reference original authors, and a comprehensive index list of the contents. The scheme of his great work is vast and comprehensive, being nothing short of an encyclopedia of learning and of art so far as they are connected with nature or draw their materials from nature. The work divides neatly into the organic world of plants and animals, and the realm of inorganic matter, although there are frequent digressions in each section. He is especially interested in not just describing the occurrence of plants, animals and insects, but also their exploitation (or abuse) by man, especially Romans. The description of metals and minerals is particularly detailed, and valuable for the history of science as being the most extensive compilation still available from the ancient world. (Summary adapted from Wikipedia by Leni) This fourth volume includes books sixteen to twenty, covering the following subjects: Book 16 - The natural history of the forest trees Book 17 - The natural history of the cultivated trees Book 18 - The natural history of grain Book 19 - The nature and cultivation of flax and an account of various garden plants Book 20 - Remedies derived from the garden plants Volume 1 of this work can be found here Volume 2 of this work can be found here Volume 3 of this work can be found here

Language:

English

Narrators:

LibriVox Community

Length:

16h 27m


Chapters

Free Sample

05:00

Chapter 1
Chapter 1

14:42


Chapter 2
Chapter 2

17:52


Chapter 3
Chapter 3

17:11


Chapter 4
Chapter 4

24:48


Chapter 5
Chapter 5

18:49


Chapter 6
Chapter 6

19:38


Chapter 7
Chapter 7

23:06


Chapter 8
Chapter 8

30:34


Chapter 9
Chapter 9

24:20


Chapter 10
Chapter 10

38:02


Chapter 11
Chapter 11

16:15


Chapter 12
Chapter 12

20:03


Chapter 13
Chapter 13

23:08


Chapter 14
Chapter 14

19:45


Chapter 15
Chapter 15

48:14


Chapter 16
Chapter 16

26:38


Chapter 17
Chapter 17

15:11


Chapter 18
Chapter 18

33:16


Chapter 19
Chapter 19

29:40


Chapter 20
Chapter 20

25:55


Chapter 21
Chapter 21

26:23


Chapter 22
Chapter 22

19:07


Chapter 23
Chapter 23

34:19


Chapter 24
Chapter 24

32:11


Chapter 25
Chapter 25

31:50


Chapter 26
Chapter 26

20:42


Chapter 27
Chapter 27

24:43


Chapter 28
Chapter 28

24:15


Chapter 29
Chapter 29

28:33


Chapter 30
Chapter 30

29:54


Chapter 31
Chapter 31

23:25


Chapter 32
Chapter 32

16:36


Chapter 33
Chapter 33

23:02


Chapter 34
Chapter 34

25:58


Chapter 35
Chapter 35

25:57


Chapter 36
Chapter 36

29:12


Chapter 37
Chapter 37

28:52


Chapter 38
Chapter 38

30:37


Chapter 39
Chapter 39

25:11