The Life of Jesus Critically Examined-logo

The Life of Jesus Critically Examined

David Friedrich Strauss

Strauss was an early pioneer in the ongoing 'Quest of the Historical Jesus' movement, and his Life of Jesus is one of the few landmarks in the field. The first edition of Strauss' book was published in Germany in 1835, when he was only 27 years old. He focused his attention on battling two theological fronts which were current at the time - the biblical Literalists who believed the miracles in the Gospels were to be taken as literal history, and the Rationalists, who believed that the Gospel miracles were true but could be explained by natural and rational causes. Strauss rejected both camps and, in a historical analysis of the Gospels that was scrupulous and exhaustive, concluded that our knowledge of the Historical Jesus is hopelessly buried under layers of legend and myth. The price that Strauss paid for publication was high – his book scandalized Europe, and cost him his job as Chair of Theology at the University of Zurich, and ultimately his career. Dozens of books, mostly from Germany, were written in rebuttal. The school of Rationalism died in the 19th century, due in no small part to Strauss' criticism. The school of Literalism that Strauss criticized evolved into Fundamentalism in the early 20th century, which was in large part a reaction to the groundbreaking path started by Strauss and his revolutionary book. Medical missionary Albert Schweitzer described Strauss' Life of Jesus as, "one of the most perfect things in the whole range of learned literature. In over fourteen hundred pages he has not a superfluous phrase; his analysis descends to the minutest details, but he does not lose his way among them; his style is simple and picturesque, sometimes ironical, but always dignified and distinguished". (Introduction by JoeD)

Strauss was an early pioneer in the ongoing 'Quest of the Historical Jesus' movement, and his Life of Jesus is one of the few landmarks in the field. The first edition of Strauss' book was published in Germany in 1835, when he was only 27 years old. He focused his attention on battling two theological fronts which were current at the time - the biblical Literalists who believed the miracles in the Gospels were to be taken as literal history, and the Rationalists, who believed that the Gospel miracles were true but could be explained by natural and rational causes. Strauss rejected both camps and, in a historical analysis of the Gospels that was scrupulous and exhaustive, concluded that our knowledge of the Historical Jesus is hopelessly buried under layers of legend and myth. The price that Strauss paid for publication was high – his book scandalized Europe, and cost him his job as Chair of Theology at the University of Zurich, and ultimately his career. Dozens of books, mostly from Germany, were written in rebuttal. The school of Rationalism died in the 19th century, due in no small part to Strauss' criticism. The school of Literalism that Strauss criticized evolved into Fundamentalism in the early 20th century, which was in large part a reaction to the groundbreaking path started by Strauss and his revolutionary book. Medical missionary Albert Schweitzer described Strauss' Life of Jesus as, "one of the most perfect things in the whole range of learned literature. In over fourteen hundred pages he has not a superfluous phrase; his analysis descends to the minutest details, but he does not lose his way among them; his style is simple and picturesque, sometimes ironical, but always dignified and distinguished". (Introduction by JoeD)
More Information

Genres:

Philosophy

Description:

Strauss was an early pioneer in the ongoing 'Quest of the Historical Jesus' movement, and his Life of Jesus is one of the few landmarks in the field. The first edition of Strauss' book was published in Germany in 1835, when he was only 27 years old. He focused his attention on battling two theological fronts which were current at the time - the biblical Literalists who believed the miracles in the Gospels were to be taken as literal history, and the Rationalists, who believed that the Gospel miracles were true but could be explained by natural and rational causes. Strauss rejected both camps and, in a historical analysis of the Gospels that was scrupulous and exhaustive, concluded that our knowledge of the Historical Jesus is hopelessly buried under layers of legend and myth. The price that Strauss paid for publication was high – his book scandalized Europe, and cost him his job as Chair of Theology at the University of Zurich, and ultimately his career. Dozens of books, mostly from Germany, were written in rebuttal. The school of Rationalism died in the 19th century, due in no small part to Strauss' criticism. The school of Literalism that Strauss criticized evolved into Fundamentalism in the early 20th century, which was in large part a reaction to the groundbreaking path started by Strauss and his revolutionary book. Medical missionary Albert Schweitzer described Strauss' Life of Jesus as, "one of the most perfect things in the whole range of learned literature. In over fourteen hundred pages he has not a superfluous phrase; his analysis descends to the minutest details, but he does not lose his way among them; his style is simple and picturesque, sometimes ironical, but always dignified and distinguished". (Introduction by JoeD)

Language:

English

Narrators:

LibriVox Community

Length:

57h 54m


Chapters

Chapter 1
Chapter 1

01:03:38


Chapter 2
Chapter 2

04:22


Chapter 3
Chapter 3

03:06


Chapter 4
Chapter 4

03:10


Chapter 5
Chapter 5

08:16


Chapter 6
Chapter 6

11:19


Chapter 7
Chapter 7

18:20


Chapter 8
Chapter 8

05:20


Chapter 9
Chapter 9

21:34


Chapter 10
Chapter 10

08:23


Chapter 11
Chapter 11

17:31


Chapter 12
Chapter 12

09:11


Chapter 13
Chapter 13

15:45


Chapter 14
Chapter 14

27:39


Chapter 15
Chapter 15

47:49


Chapter 16
Chapter 16

05:06


Chapter 17
Chapter 17

19:25


Chapter 18
Chapter 18

20:42


Chapter 19
Chapter 19

15:18


Chapter 20
Chapter 20

14:21


Chapter 21
Chapter 21

18:58


Chapter 22
Chapter 22

18:55


Chapter 23
Chapter 23

06:25


Chapter 24
Chapter 24

10:26


Chapter 25
Chapter 25

20:42


Chapter 26
Chapter 26

18:20


Chapter 27
Chapter 27

12:52


Chapter 28
Chapter 28

18:49


Chapter 29
Chapter 29

12:57


Chapter 30
Chapter 30

13:37


Chapter 31
Chapter 31

24:39


Chapter 32
Chapter 32

14:52


Chapter 33
Chapter 33

18:50


Chapter 34
Chapter 34

25:22


Chapter 35
Chapter 35

32:31


Chapter 36
Chapter 36

17:40


Chapter 37
Chapter 37

21:09


Chapter 38
Chapter 38

13:09


Chapter 39
Chapter 39

13:29


Chapter 40
Chapter 40

30:09


Chapter 41
Chapter 41

21:49


Chapter 42
Chapter 42

10:43


Chapter 43
Chapter 43

11:01


Chapter 44
Chapter 44

21:38


Chapter 45
Chapter 45

22:44


Chapter 46
Chapter 46

23:43


Chapter 47
Chapter 47

52:59


Chapter 48
Chapter 48

18:39


Chapter 49
Chapter 49

08:17


Chapter 50
Chapter 50

11:13


Chapter 51
Chapter 51

13:33


Chapter 52
Chapter 52

19:57


Chapter 53
Chapter 53

11:02


Chapter 54
Chapter 54

16:03


Chapter 55
Chapter 55

13:28


Chapter 56
Chapter 56

15:39


Chapter 57
Chapter 57

18:01


Chapter 58
Chapter 58

37:28


Chapter 59
Chapter 59

18:12


Chapter 60
Chapter 60

12:24


Chapter 61
Chapter 61

10:24


Chapter 62
Chapter 62

13:09


Chapter 63
Chapter 63

18:52


Chapter 64
Chapter 64

15:37


Chapter 65
Chapter 65

10:59


Chapter 66
Chapter 66

09:13


Chapter 67
Chapter 67

09:44


Chapter 68
Chapter 68

19:22


Chapter 69
Chapter 69

13:20


Chapter 70
Chapter 70

26:40


Chapter 71
Chapter 71

28:17


Chapter 72
Chapter 72

21:25


Chapter 73
Chapter 73

18:40


Chapter 74
Chapter 74

13:44


Chapter 75
Chapter 75

23:24


Chapter 76
Chapter 76

11:55


Chapter 77
Chapter 77

39:55


Chapter 78
Chapter 78

15:57


Chapter 79
Chapter 79

46:05


Chapter 80
Chapter 80

43:46


Chapter 81
Chapter 81

29:14


Chapter 82
Chapter 82

26:07


Chapter 83
Chapter 83

17:52


Chapter 84
Chapter 84

24:19


Chapter 85
Chapter 85

23:41


Chapter 86
Chapter 86

10:01


Chapter 87
Chapter 87

08:52


Chapter 88
Chapter 88

13:19


Chapter 89
Chapter 89

16:10


Chapter 90
Chapter 90

30:20


Chapter 91
Chapter 91

16:08


Chapter 92
Chapter 92

12:41


Chapter 93
Chapter 93

35:18


Chapter 94
Chapter 94

01:08:44


Chapter 95
Chapter 95

20:32


Chapter 96
Chapter 96

55:14


Chapter 97
Chapter 97

24:23


Chapter 98
Chapter 98

24:22


Chapter 99
Chapter 99

45:06


Chapter 100
Chapter 100

25:49


Chapter 101
Chapter 101

01:01:25


Chapter 102
Chapter 102

33:06


Chapter 103
Chapter 103

58:12


Chapter 104
Chapter 104

54:27


Chapter 105
Chapter 105

38:06


Chapter 106
Chapter 106

36:30


Chapter 107
Chapter 107

10:38


Chapter 108
Chapter 108

17:02


Chapter 109
Chapter 109

25:01


Chapter 110
Chapter 110

14:51


Chapter 111
Chapter 111

16:02


Chapter 112
Chapter 112

27:03


Chapter 113
Chapter 113

21:32


Chapter 114
Chapter 114

29:42


Chapter 115
Chapter 115

10:41


Chapter 116
Chapter 116

33:40


Chapter 117
Chapter 117

39:58


Chapter 118
Chapter 118

39:15


Chapter 119
Chapter 119

17:43


Chapter 120
Chapter 120

22:59


Chapter 121
Chapter 121

18:26


Chapter 122
Chapter 122

14:18


Chapter 123
Chapter 123

33:58


Chapter 124
Chapter 124

24:57


Chapter 125
Chapter 125

27:43


Chapter 126
Chapter 126

14:04


Chapter 127
Chapter 127

23:20


Chapter 128
Chapter 128

43:14


Chapter 129
Chapter 129

18:17


Chapter 130
Chapter 130

23:28


Chapter 131
Chapter 131

21:11


Chapter 132
Chapter 132

30:57


Chapter 133
Chapter 133

37:12


Chapter 134
Chapter 134

01:03:29


Chapter 135
Chapter 135

26:19


Chapter 136
Chapter 136

20:16


Chapter 137
Chapter 137

18:38


Chapter 138
Chapter 138

19:27


Chapter 139
Chapter 139

42:54


Chapter 140
Chapter 140

48:34


Chapter 141
Chapter 141

35:55


Chapter 142
Chapter 142

41:25


Chapter 143
Chapter 143

23:03


Chapter 144
Chapter 144

11:49


Chapter 145
Chapter 145

18:47


Chapter 146
Chapter 146

07:26


Chapter 147
Chapter 147

31:39


Chapter 148
Chapter 148

12:21


Chapter 149
Chapter 149

08:19


Chapter 150
Chapter 150

23:51


Chapter 151
Chapter 151

18:50


Chapter 152
Chapter 152

10:06


Chapter 153
Chapter 153

13:54


Chapter 154
Chapter 154

16:45