The Scratch of a Pen - 1763 and the Transformation of North America-logo

The Scratch of a Pen - 1763 and the Transformation of North America

Colin G. Calloway

More Information

Genres:

History

Description:

In February 1763, Britain, Spain, and France signed the Treaty of Paris, ending the French and Indian War. In this one document, more American territory changed hands than in any treaty before or since. As the great historian Francis Parkman wrote, "half a continent...changed hands at the scratch of a pen." As Colin Calloway reveals in this superb history, the Treaty set in motion a cascade of unexpected consequences. Indians and Europeans, settlers and frontiersmen, all struggled to adapt to new boundaries, new alignments, and new relationships. Britain now possessed a vast American empire stretching from Canada to the Florida Keys, yet the crushing costs of maintaining it would push its colonies toward rebellion. White settlers, free to pour into the West, clashed as never before with Indian tribes struggling to defend their way of life. In the Northwest, Pontiac's War brought racial conflict to its bitterest level so far. Whole ethnic groups migrated, sometimes across the continent: it was 1763 that saw many exiled settlers from Acadia in French Canada move again to Louisiana, where they would become Cajuns. Calloway unfurls this panoramic canvas with vibrant narrative skill, peopling his tale with memorable characters such as William Johnson, the Irish baronet who moved between Indian campfires and British barracks; Pontiac, the charismatic Ottawa chieftain whose warriors, for a time, chased the Europeans from Indian country; and James Murray, Britain's first governor in Quebec, who fought to protect the religious rights of his French Catholic subjects. Most Americans know the significance of the Declaration of Independence or the Emancipation Proclamation, but not the Treaty of Paris. Yet 1763 was a year that shaped our history just as decisively as 1776 or 1862. This captivating book shows why.

Language:

English

Narrators:

Simon Vance

Length:

6h 50m


Chapters

Free Sample

01:00

Chapter 1
Chapter 1

03:39


Chapter 2
Chapter 2

03:29


Chapter 3
Chapter 3

04:41


Chapter 4
Chapter 4

04:28


Chapter 5
Chapter 5

04:35


Chapter 6
Chapter 6

04:26


Chapter 7
Chapter 7

04:44


Chapter 8
Chapter 8

04:30


Chapter 9
Chapter 9

04:39


Chapter 10
Chapter 10

04:36


Chapter 11
Chapter 11

04:29


Chapter 12
Chapter 12

05:05


Chapter 13
Chapter 13

04:52


Chapter 14
Chapter 14

05:00


Chapter 15
Chapter 15

04:53


Chapter 16
Chapter 16

04:52


Chapter 17
Chapter 17

04:49


Chapter 18
Chapter 18

04:58


Chapter 19
Chapter 19

04:56


Chapter 20
Chapter 20

04:52


Chapter 21
Chapter 21

04:55


Chapter 22
Chapter 22

04:42


Chapter 23
Chapter 23

04:47


Chapter 24
Chapter 24

04:45


Chapter 25
Chapter 25

04:50


Chapter 26
Chapter 26

04:28


Chapter 27
Chapter 27

04:42


Chapter 28
Chapter 28

04:37


Chapter 29
Chapter 29

04:46


Chapter 30
Chapter 30

04:34


Chapter 31
Chapter 31

04:39


Chapter 32
Chapter 32

04:41


Chapter 33
Chapter 33

04:40


Chapter 34
Chapter 34

04:59


Chapter 35
Chapter 35

04:40


Chapter 36
Chapter 36

04:57


Chapter 37
Chapter 37

04:50


Chapter 38
Chapter 38

04:45


Chapter 39
Chapter 39

04:49


Chapter 40
Chapter 40

04:47


Chapter 41
Chapter 41

04:56


Chapter 42
Chapter 42

04:43


Chapter 43
Chapter 43

04:58


Chapter 44
Chapter 44

04:43


Chapter 45
Chapter 45

04:52


Chapter 46
Chapter 46

04:47


Chapter 47
Chapter 47

05:05


Chapter 48
Chapter 48

04:49


Chapter 49
Chapter 49

05:04


Chapter 50
Chapter 50

04:54


Chapter 51
Chapter 51

04:59


Chapter 52
Chapter 52

04:47


Chapter 53
Chapter 53

05:11


Chapter 54
Chapter 54

04:51


Chapter 55
Chapter 55

04:52


Chapter 56
Chapter 56

04:46


Chapter 57
Chapter 57

05:10


Chapter 58
Chapter 58

04:56


Chapter 59
Chapter 59

05:13


Chapter 60
Chapter 60

05:03


Chapter 61
Chapter 61

05:01


Chapter 62
Chapter 62

05:04


Chapter 63
Chapter 63

05:03


Chapter 64
Chapter 64

04:58


Chapter 65
Chapter 65

05:18


Chapter 66
Chapter 66

04:57


Chapter 67
Chapter 67

04:59


Chapter 68
Chapter 68

04:37


Chapter 69
Chapter 69

04:32


Chapter 70
Chapter 70

04:49


Chapter 71
Chapter 71

04:40


Chapter 72
Chapter 72

04:32


Chapter 73
Chapter 73

04:50


Chapter 74
Chapter 74

04:30


Chapter 75
Chapter 75

04:38


Chapter 76
Chapter 76

04:51


Chapter 77
Chapter 77

04:41


Chapter 78
Chapter 78

04:54


Chapter 79
Chapter 79

04:38


Chapter 80
Chapter 80

04:48


Chapter 81
Chapter 81

05:01


Chapter 82
Chapter 82

04:31


Chapter 83
Chapter 83

04:46


Chapter 84
Chapter 84

04:30


Chapter 85
Chapter 85

04:26


Chapter 86
Chapter 86

04:28