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How is the use of cannabis in adolescents likely to progress to harder drugs?

What’s the correlation between the occasional or regular use of cannabis by adolescents and its progression to nicotine dependence, harmful alcohol use and use of other illicit drugs in young adulthood? What impact could the wider availability of cannabis have on this advance? Complex questions that Michelle Taylor (Senior Research Associate in Epidemiology, School of Social and Community Medicine, Bristol. UK) answers in this podcast. The interview, inspired by a study published in the...


Sex-selective abortion and female infant mortality more common after one or two daughters in India

Prenatal sex selection and female infant mortality are more common in India after first and second born daughters. Corry Gellatly, a research scientist at the Newcastle University, explains the details of his study, in a podcast conducted by the Editor in Chief of the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, James Dunn. The article is accessible here:


Job insecurity is associated with adult asthma in Germany during the recent economic crisis

Job insecurity has been identified as a risk factor for adverse health outcomes. Perceptions of job insecurity steeply increased during Europe's recent economic downturn, which commenced in 2008. A study just published in JECH assessed whether job insecurity was associated with incident asthma in Germany during this period. Jim Dunn talks discusses the findings with lead author Adrian Loerbroks, Institute of Occupational and Social Medicine, Centre for Health and Society, Faculty of...


Mortality on match days of the German national soccer team

The link between emotional stress and an enhanced risk of cardiovascular death is well established. In particular, sports events such as soccer matches are capable of provoking strong emotions, which might cause a failure of the cardiovascular system, and thus a peak of death numbers in the population. Now a study published in JECH has examined the number of deaths in Germany on match days of the national soccer team during a long-term period including several tournaments. Editor Jim Dunn...


Do interventions to increase fruit and vegetable consumption among overweight children work?

Childhood obesity is now a global epidemic and the incidence continues to increase. Dietary interventions and nutritional education are possible options, however, restrictive diets can result in negative outcomes, and therefore it may be more apt to encourage children to consume more fruit and vegetables. Along with colleagues from the University of Manchester, Michael Bourke has conducted a review on this question, published in JECH, and he talks to editor Jim Dunn about what they...


Time for bed: associations with cognitive performance in 7-year-old children

Jim Dunn talks to Yvonne Kelly, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, about her paper which shows irregular bed times curb young kids’ brain power. Read the paper here:


Polypill roundtable

There has been long-standing interest in the idea of polypill (a pill containing a statin and an anti-hypertensive agent) being used by healthy people, as a tool to prevent heart disease (and possibly other diseases). In a recent paper in JECH, Michael Holmes and Neeraj Bhala suggest that polypill may be used similarly as vaccines have been used for communicable diseases. This podcast presents a discussion on the polypill concept and whether the current evidence is good enough to advocate...


Alcohol-related mortality in deprived UK cities

In this, the first podcast from JECH, editor-in-chief James Dunn talks to Deborah Shipton, Glasgow Centre for Population Health, about her paper examining alcohol-related mortality in Glasgow, Scotland. Read Dr Shipton's paper in full, for free, here: