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Bitcoin Primitives

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A discussion of all things bitcoin.

A discussion of all things bitcoin.
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A discussion of all things bitcoin.




S1:E17 Digital Cash and Privacy

I agree with Anonymous that there are problems with the actual use of digital cash in the near term. But it depends to some extent on what problem you are trying to solve. One concern I have is that the move to electronic payments will decrease personal privacy by making it easier to log and record transactions. Dossiers could be built up which would track the spending patterns of each of...


S1:E16 Bit Gold

In summary, all money mankind has ever used has been insecure in one way or another. This insecurity has been manifested in a wide variety of ways, from counterfeiting to theft, but the most pernicious of which has probably been inflation. Satoshi Nakamoto Institute is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Some works may be subject to other licenses.


S1:E15 The Road to Serfdom

The Road to Serfdom (German: Der Weg zur Knechtschaft) is a book written between 1940 and 1943 by Austrian British economist and philosopher Friedrich Hayek, in which the author "[warns] of the danger of tyranny that inevitably results from government control of economic decision-making through central planning."[1] Creative Commons — Attribution 3.0 Unported — CC BY 3.0


S1:E14 b-money

I will actually describe two protocols. The first one is impractical, because it makes heavy use of a synchronous and unjammable anonymous broadcast channel. However it will motivate the second, more practical protocol. Creative Commons — Attribution 3.0 Unported — CC BY 3.0 Satoshi Nakamoto Institute is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Some works...


S1:E13 Ludwig Von Mises

Ludwig Heinrich Edler von Mises (29 September 1881–10 October 1973) was one of the most notable economists and social philosophers of the twentieth century. In the course of a long and highly productive life, he developed an integrated, deduct­ive science of economics based on the fundamental axiom that in­dividual human beings act purposively to achieve desired goals. Even though his economic analysis itself was "value-free" — in the sense of being irrelevant to values held by economists —...


S1:E12 The Crypto Anarchist Manifesto

Cypherpunks of the World, Several of you at the "physical Cypherpunks" gathering yesterday in Silicon Valley requested that more of the material passed out in meetings be available electronically to the entire readership of the Cypherpunks list, spooks, eavesdroppers, and all. Here's the "Crypto Anarchist Manifesto" I read at the September 1992 founding meeting. It dates back to mid-1988 and was distributed to some like-minded techno-anarchists at the "Crypto '88" conference and then again...


S1:E11 Crypto-Anarchism

Crypto-anarchism (or crypto-anarchy) is a form of anarchy accomplished through computer technology.[1] Crypto-anarchists employ cryptographic software to evade persecution and harassment while sending and receiving information over computer networks, in an effort to protect their privacy, their political freedom, and their economic...


S1:E10 Peter Van Valkenburgh

Peter Van Valkenburgh (born April 25th, 1985) is a Cryptolawyer and Director of Research at Coin Center and Board Member at the Zcash Foundation. He is based in Washington D.C. Creative Commons — Attribution 3.0 Unported — CC BY 3.0


S1:E9 Tails

Tails is a live system that aims to preserve your privacy and anonymity. It helps you to use the Internet anonymously and circumvent censorship almost anywhere you go and on any computer but leaving no trace unless you ask it to...


S1:E8 TOR Project

The goal of onion routing was to have a way to use the internet with as much privacy as possible, and the idea was to route traffic through multiple servers and encrypt it each step of the way. This is still a simple explanation for how Tor works today. Creative...


S1:E7 Jacob Appelbaum

Jacob Appelbaum (born 1 April 1983) is an American independent journalist, computer security researcher, artist, and hacker. Creative Commons — Attribution 3.0 Unported — CC BY 3.0


S1:E6 What is Bitcoin?

Bitcoin is a collection of concepts and technologies that form the basis of a digital money ecosystem. Units of currency called bitcoin are used to store and transmit value among participants in the bitcoin network. Bitcoin users communicate with each other using the bitcoin protocol primarily via the internet, although other transport networks can also be used. The bitcoin protocol stack, available as open source software, can be run on a wide range of computing devices, including laptops...


S1:E5 Bitcoin security model

Bitcoin is a distributed consensus network that maintains a secure and trusted distributed ledger through a process called “proof-of-work.” Andreas M. Antonopoulos On Twitter Creative Commons — Attribution 3.0 Unported — CC BY 3.0


S1:E4 The Rise of the CypherPunks

Before the 1970s, cryptography was primarily practiced in secret by military or spy agencies. But, that changed when two publications brought it into the open: the US government publication of the >Data Encryption Standard and the first publicly available work on public-key cryptography, “New Directions in Cryptography” by Dr Whitfield Diffie and Dr Martin Hellman. JAMESON LOPP Professional...


S1:E3 Julian Assange

Julian Paul Assange (/əˈsɑːnʒ/;[1] born Julian Paul Hawkins; 3 July 1971) is an Australian computer programmer and the founder and director of WikiLeaks.[2] He is currently in police custody in London after having been arrested on 11 April 2019 by the Metropolitan Police Service for breaching his bail conditions in December 2010. Immediately before his arrest, he had been under the protection of Ecuador as an asylum seeker, and had been living in the Ecuadorian Embassy in London since...


S1:E2 Evariste Galois

Évariste Galois (/ɡælˈwɑː/;[1] [evaʁist ɡalwa]; 25 October 1811 – 31 May 1832) was a French mathematician and political activist. While still in his teens, he was able to determine a necessary and sufficient condition for a polynomial to be solvable by radicals, thereby solving a problem standing for 350 years. His work laid the foundations for Galois theory and group theory,[2] two major branches of abstract algebra, and the subfield of Galois connections. He died at age 20 from wounds...


S1:E1 JoyBubbles

Joybubbles (May 25, 1949 – August 8, 2007), born Josef Carl Engressia, Jr. in Richmond, Virginia, United States, was an early phone phreak. Born blind, he became interested in telephones at age four.[1] He had absolute pitch, and was able to whistle 2600 hertz into a telephone, an operator tone also used by blue box phreaking devices. Joybubbles said that he had an IQ of “172 or something".[2] Joybubbles died at his Minneapolis home on August 8, 2007 (aged 58). According to his death...