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Peterson Perspectives: Interviews on Current Issues-logo

Peterson Perspectives: Interviews on Current Issues

United States

More Information

Location:

United States

Twitter:

@piie

Language:

English

Contact:

202.328.9000


Episodes

Trade Talks Episode 19: GSP—Low Tariffs for Development?

1/19/2018
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), the program rich countries use to offer lower tariffs to exporters in developing countries. They discuss a variety of programs—the now expired US GSP scheme, the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), as well as differences with the European Union’s GSP, GSP+ and Everything But Arms (EBA) policies. They speak with Emily Blanchard (Tuck School at Dartmouth College)...

Duration: 00:39:25


Investor-State Dispute Settlement: Unfair to Whom?

1/16/2018
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Gary Clyde Hufbauer argues that criticism of the ISDS is largely unwarranted, but improvements in its procedures and processes are warranted.

Duration: 00:04:33


Trade Talks Episode 18: Brexit – Sectoral Analyses or Impact Assessments?

1/9/2018
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Soumaya Keynes (The Economist) and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown speak with Professor Meredith Crowley (University of Cambridge) about her Brexit research. Crowley describes results from her use of information on product-level UK exports and trade policies to identify the key sectoral risks of Britain exiting the European Union without a new trade deal. She also explains the uncertainty associated with UK exports to the EU facing tariff-rate quotas for agriculture, as well as trade...

Duration: 00:30:12


Trade Talks Episode 17: WTO Ministerials—Now and Then

12/21/2017
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist focus on the December 2017 World Trade Organization (WTO) Ministerial meeting in Buenos Aires. They describe the contentious negotiations over India’s public stockholding program, fishing subsidies, and electronic commerce. They interview author Paul Blustein about his book “Misadventures of the Most Favored Nations: Clashing Egos, Inflated Ambitions, and the Great Shambles of the World Trade System,” including the Battle...

Duration: 00:27:00


Trade Talks Episode 16. Weird Trade Barriers—Or How Trade Talks Help a Cocktail Party

12/15/2017
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist survey listeners and conduct interviews from the WTO Ministerial meeting in Buenos Aires, to describe some of the more bizarre—and fascinating—barriers to international trade found in human history. They analyze the economics of policies applied in countries around the world that affect bicycles and skis, the Internet, video cassette recorders and pirated movies, as well as alcohol, chocolate, and tobacco.

Duration: 00:23:11


Trade Talks Episode 15: Is China a Non-Market Economy? Why the WTO Gets to Decide

12/8/2017
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist focus on a huge WTO dispute in which China is suing the European Union and the United States over their refusal to treat it as a market economy, meaning they will not put lower duties on Chinese exports. They discuss how China’s economy has evolved over time and how to define a "market economy." Special features include Keynes’s interview with European Commissioner for Trade, Cecilia Malmström, and conversations about the...

Duration: 00:16:06


Trade Talks Tough 14: Sanctions on North Korea

11/29/2017
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown talk with PIIE Senior Fellow Marcus Noland about his research on implementing trade sanctions on North Korea. First up is his recent book with Stephan Haggard (PIIE) “Hard Target: Sanctions, Inducements, and the Case of North Korea” and the evidence behind the effectiveness of using trade policy to bring about change in North Korea. They discuss the implications of North Korea’s periods of autarky, and the commitment and...

Duration: 00:34:09


Trade Talks Episode 13: Export Superstars and Billionaires: When Do Policymakers Need to Worry?

11/22/2017
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown talk with PIIE Senior Fellow Caroline Freund about her research on big firms, billionaires, international trade, and economic development. First up is her recent book "Rich People Poor Countries: The Rise of Emerging-Market Tycoons and Their Mega Firms" and the evidence behind the importance of being big in international trade. They also probe the downside of unproductive wealth, the rise of inefficient behemoths in the...

Duration: 00:19:53


Trade Talks Episode 12: How to Save a (Pacific) Trade Deal

11/16/2017
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist examine the new Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP). They discuss how 11 persistent countries pulled the original TPP deal from President Trump's dustbin and pushed toward agreement by suspending certain important elements. They also speak with PIIE Senior Fellow Jeffrey J. Schott about the motivation behind the agreement for countries like Japan, Australia, Malaysia, Vietnam,...

Duration: 00:22:30


audioTrade Talks Episode 11: The Complicated Impact of Trade...on Developing Countries

11/9/2017
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of the Economist examine the impact of international trade on economic activity within developing countries like India, Vietnam, and Brazil. They talk with Professor Nina Pavcnik of Dartmouth College about her research on how trade liberalization has impacted workers and firms, what affects their ability to adjust, and the implications for poverty reduction and inequality. They also discuss the challenges and domestic policy implications...

Is Venezuela Close to Defaulting?

11/7/2017
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Monica de Bolle argues that Venezuela is giving higher priority to paying its foreign creditors than to the Venezuelan people.

Duration: 00:05:22


Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) Are Valuable But Need Strong Regulations

11/6/2017
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Daniel Heller and Martin Chorzempa believe that policymakers need to create a regulatory framework for initial coin offerings.

Duration: 00:04:16


Trade Talks Episode 10: What If the UK Crashed into a No-Deal Brexit?

11/3/2017
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist examine what a no-deal Brexit would look like, or the economic implications if Britain were to split from the European Union without a new trade deal. They talk with Professor Swati Dhingra of the London School of Economics about her research on what reverting to World Trade Organization (WTO) tariffs would mean for the United Kingdom. They also discuss looming nontariff barriers to trade in sectors like pharmaceuticals,...

Duration: 00:31:56


Trade Talks Episode 9: Happy 70th GATTiversary—The Origins of Multilateral Trade

10/27/2017
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On the occasion of its 70th anniversary, PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist focus on the origins of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, or GATT. They speak with the authors of "The Genesis of the GATT" (Cambridge University Press)—Professors Douglas Irwin, Petros Mavroidis, and Alan Sykes—about the gripping lead-up to the signing of the transformative trade agreement on October 30, 1947. The American Smoot-Hawley tariffs, British Imperial...

Duration: 00:29:39


Can the US Spend Like Denmark without Taxing Like It?

10/23/2017
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At a recent CNN town hall debate between Senators Bernie Sanders and Ted Cruz, Jacob Funk Kirkegaard questioned the validity of Senator Sanders’ policy proposals to spend like a Scandinavian country while only raising taxes on the wealthiest citizens. In this Peterson Perspectives interview, Kirkegaard discusses Denmark’s effective tax rate where middle class citizens are taxed nearly 50 percent of their income.

Duration: 00:04:39


Trade Talks Episode 8: NAFTA Time Out--Unsurprisingly Unconventional

10/20/2017
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown focus on the economic tension arising through the ongoing NAFTA—or North American Free Trade Agreement—talks between the United States, Canada, and Mexico. The episode also dives into the question of how integrated the NAFTA economy is, exploring value-added in the hotly contested automobile industry. The trade geeks also provide rapid-fire answers to questions from listeners who were asked "What else do you want to know...

Duration: 00:27:43


Trade Talks Episode 6: Uncertainty and Trade Deals--Not Good

10/5/2017
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist focus this week on the costs of increased uncertainty generated by President Trump’s threat to rip up US trade agreements as well as the United Kingdom’s Brexit vote to leave the European Union. Professor Nuno Limão of the University of Maryland joins to discuss his recent research on how trade agreements reduce investment uncertainty and provides insight from Portugal’s 1986 entry to the European Community, China’s 2001...

Duration: 00:27:38


AIG Is No Longer Too Big To Fail

10/4/2017
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Nicolas Véron says that rescinding AIG’s status as “systemically important” will not lead to financial instability.

Duration: 00:03:49


Trade Talks Episode 5: Solar Tariffs, Clean Energy (and Trump)

9/29/2017
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss President Trump’s upcoming choice to grant trade protection to a sliver of the US solar manufacturing industry. The episode describes cleavages within the solar industry, including jobs, and the rarely used US Section 201 trade law being deployed. It chronicles the long history of environmental, economic, and trade policy problems—in the United States, the European Union, and China—behind the solar panel dispute...

Duration: 00:24:36


Trade Talks Episode 4: Holding the WTO Hostage, Trump Style

9/22/2017
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown focus on the Trump administration’s approach to the World Trade Organization (WTO). The episode describes US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer’s recently articulated positions involving WTO dispute settlement rulings adverse to the United States (e.g., “zeroing”), a looming crisis in Geneva that threatens the WTO’s independent Appellate Body, and the administration's approach toward “mercantilist China” inside or...

Duration: 00:26:22

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