Reframed Origins - Our Evolution Refined
The Cave Man of Altamura
Lamalunga 1 Locality: Lamalunga Cave, Altamura, southern Italy Description: Currently in situ complete skeleton (to date, only the shoulder blade has been removed) Age: 170,000 - 130,000 years ago Species: Homo neanderthalensis
Sexing Mrs. Ples of Sterkfontein
StS 5 (Sterkfontein Site 5) Locality: Sterkfontein, Blauwbank Valley, Gauteng, South Africa Found: 18th of April 1947 By: Robert Broom (Scottish Palaontologist) and John Robinson (Palaeoanthropologist) Description: Cranium with well worn teeth Age: c. 2,000,000 years of age Sex: Female? References: 1947 - Broom & Robinson - Further Remains of the Sterkfontein Ape-Man, Plesianthropus 1954 - Robinson - The genera and species of the australopithecinae 2013 - Villmoare et al - Continuous...
Million Year Old Ngrejeng Child
NG 8503 Date Found: March 1985 Found By: Ngrejeng Villager Locality: Near Ngrejeng Village, Indonesia Announced: 1994 Fossil: Partial mandible (Right side), with M1 and M2. The latter had not yet erupted at time of death. Age: 1.02 - 1.51 million years of age Papers to check out: 1994 - Aziz et al - Preliminary report on recent discoveries of fossil hominids from the Sangiran area, Java. 2005 - Kaifu et al - Hominid mandibular remains from Sangiran (1952-1986) Collection 2006 - Kaifu -...
The Robust Female of Drimolen
UW DNH 7 (University of Witwatersrand Drimolen 7) Found By A. Keyser and R. Smith Date Found: 21st of October 1994 Age: 1.5 - 2 million years of age Species: Paranthropus robustus Sex: Female Key Scientific Paper: 2000 - Keyser - The Drimolen skull: the most complete australopithecine cranium and mandible to date Want to read further? 2007 - Lockwood et al - Extended male growth in a fossil hominin species 2011 - Wood - Encyclopedia of Human Evolution Subscribe to the podcast on itunes:...
The Young Hominin of Allia Bay
KNM ER 992 (Kenya National Museum - East Rudolf 992) Comprised of: Mandible Age: 1.52 million years of age Stage of Growth: Juvenile References 1975 - Mazak & Groves - An approach to the taxonomy of the Hominidae - Gracile Villafranchian Hominids of Africa 1973 - Leakey & Wood - New evidence of the genus Homo from East Rudolf, Kenya 2003 - White et al - Pleistocene Homo sapiens from Middle Awash, Ethiopia 2011 - Wood - Encyclopedia of Human Evolution 2013 - Spoor - Palaeoanthropology:...
The First Human of Olduvai
OH 7 (Olduvai Hominin 7) Date found: Autumn 1960 Found by: Jonathan Leakey and Fideles Masao Age: 1.54 Ma Comprising: Skull fragments, Mandible and Hand Bones Assigned to: Homo habilis References 1960 - Leakey - Recent discoveries at Oludvai Gorge 1961 - Leakey - New finds at Olduvai Gorge 1964 - Leakey et al - A new species of the genus homo from Olduvai Gorge 1979 - Functional and morphological affinities of the subadult hand (OH 7) from Olduvai Gorge 2011 - Wood - Encyclopedia of Human...
The Poetry of a Neander Valley Cave
F1 (Feldhofer 1, also known as Neandertal 1) - Homo neanderthalensis Age: 40,000 years Locality: Kleine Feldhofer Grotte References: 1864 - King - The reputed fossil man of the Neanderthal. 1997 - Krings et al - Neandertal DNA sequences and the Origin of Modern Humans 1999 - Krings et al - DNA sequences of the mitochondrial hypervariable region II from the Neandertal type specimen 2011 - Wood - Encyclopedia of Human Evolution Want to support the Reframed Origins Podcast? Visit Patreon and...
The Homo neanderthalensis of Kebara
KMH 2 (Kebara Mousterian Hominin 2) Species: Homo neanderthalensis Date: 64 - 59 thousand years old Locality: Me’arat Kebbara or Mugharat al-Kebara (The Great Cave) Year of discovery: 1983 Excavated by: Baruch Arensburg, Bernard Vandermeersch and Ofer Bar-Yosef Sex: Male Age: 25 - 35 _________________________________________________________ References 1989 - Arensburg et al - A Middle Palaeolithic human hyoid bone: https://www.academia.edu/697738/A_Middle_Palaeolithic_human_hyoid_bone 1992...
The 3 Million Year Old Ape of Chad
KT12 Found: January 1995 By: French and Chadian Team of Palaeontologists Locality: Bahr El Ghazal, Koro Toro, northern Chad Comprising: A distorted cranium and third premolar Lived: 3 - 3.5 million years Species Attribution: Australopithecus bahrelghazali Alternative Attribution: Australopithecus afarensis Diet: Predominantly C4 Plants (Sedges, Grasses) Characteristics that set it apart from Au. afarensis: Thicker enamel than Ardipithecus ramidus and gracile symphysis....