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The Pharmacist Answers Podcast

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Have a question for the pharmacist? Get your answers here! Clear explanations about complicated medical topics that anyone can understand. Disclaimer: The information contained in this blog and related podcast is not to be taken as medical advice, they are for informational and educational purposes only. If you resemble anything that is mentioned in this blog or related podcast, contact your doctor. The information contained in this blog and related podcasts is the opinion of the author and does not reflect the views of her employer.

Have a question for the pharmacist? Get your answers here! Clear explanations about complicated medical topics that anyone can understand. Disclaimer: The information contained in this blog and related podcast is not to be taken as medical advice, they are for informational and educational purposes only. If you resemble anything that is mentioned in this blog or related podcast, contact your doctor. The information contained in this blog and related podcasts is the opinion of the author and does not reflect the views of her employer.
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United States

Description:

Have a question for the pharmacist? Get your answers here! Clear explanations about complicated medical topics that anyone can understand. Disclaimer: The information contained in this blog and related podcast is not to be taken as medical advice, they are for informational and educational purposes only. If you resemble anything that is mentioned in this blog or related podcast, contact your doctor. The information contained in this blog and related podcasts is the opinion of the author and does not reflect the views of her employer.

Language:

English


Episodes

Episode 102 - Mouth Parts

10/16/2017
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Mouth Issues Ulcers They are uncomfortable and mostly non-serious. Also known as "canker sores". Can take 2-3 weeks to completely heal. Anything lasting over 3 weeks should be checked out by your doctor or dentist. Ulcers can appear on the inside of the cheeks or lips, the roof of the mouth, or the tongue. A minor ulcer versus a major ulcer is determined by the size of the sore and the layers of skin affected. Any ulcer that is bleeding should be checked out despite the length of time. The...

Duration: 00:38:26


Episode 101 - Mouth Parts

10/9/2017
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Mouth Parts Lips: They are red due to blood flow. They have lots of nerve ending so they can be very sensitive. Our lips are used to manipulate food as we eat and make sounds as part of our speech. * The Divot above the center of your upper lip is called the philtrum. Gums: They are also known as the gingiva. Even though they are wet and look fleshy, healthy gums are quite resilient. Teeth: They are used for chewing, and possibly as a tool. Healthy teeth and gums seal together tightly...

Duration: 00:39:33


Episode 100 - Manifesto

7/3/2017
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The podcast is going to take a break for the summer to regroup and plan new and fun things! In the meantime, catch up on episodes you missed or re-listen to them all! If you want to stick close for sneak peaks of new adventures and the reboot, join the Pharmacist Answers Podcast Community on Facebook (facebook.com/groups/PharmAnswersPod) If you've enjoyed the first chapter of The Pharmacist Answers Podcast, please leave a rating and review on your favorite podcast app. The new home...

Duration: 00:11:22


Episode 98 - Sneezing

6/19/2017
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Sneezing is very forceful in your body. Review: the inside of your nose is covered with mucous membranes, and that mucus traps up things so they don't get into your lungs. Some little particles float through the air and into your nose. They will land on those mucous membranes and irritate it. That irritation sends a signal to your sneeze center of your brainstem. *Callback: Brainstem* The sneeze center sends out several signals. One goes to your diaphragm to tell it to compress the...

Duration: 00:18:09


Episode 96 - Nose Issues

6/5/2017
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Issues that cause your breathing to fail: - Alleriges - congestion - Viruses - congestion - Deviated septum - the septum (the bone that separates the nasal cavity and divides your nostrils) can get crooked and change the size and access of the nostrils or nasal cavity. Can be from trauma, or may gradually get crooked from chronic pressure - Turbinate Hypertrophy - over-growth of tissue covering the turbinates (tissue-covered bones that add warmth and moisture to the air you breathe);...

Duration: 00:23:32


Episdoe 95 - Smell

5/29/2017
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Air goes in your nose and flows over the smell sensors. Your nose and sinus cavities act as a resonating chamber for your voice. That's why you sound funny when you hold your nose or when your nose is stopped up from a cold or allergies. This is important in talking and singing. What makes something smell? Volatile molecules evaporate at normal temperatures and pressures, so actually molecules of the thing are in the air and available to go in your nose. Don't think about this too...

Duration: 00:16:05


Episode 94 - Nose Anatomy

5/22/2017
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Episode 94 - Nose Anatomy Your nose is responsible for breathing and smelling. These things work better when you're nose isn't stopped up. The part of your nose that you can see and touch is cartilage covered in skin. There is bone above your nose, beside your nose, below your nose, and right in the middle of your nose (inside your head). Part of the cartilage is stiff and hold shape, other parts of cartilage are soft for flexibility. The nasal root (the bone that extends between your...

Duration: 00:20:51


Episode 92 - Ear Issues

5/8/2017
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PSA: Please don't stick things in your ear any larger than your elbow...and that includes your finger. Outer ear = the part that you can touch Middle ear = the area being the ear drum Inner ear = the cochlea and area responsible for your balance 3 common ear issues - Ear infections (otitis media) - Vertigo (and motion sickness) - Tinnitus (ringing in your ear) *Ear wax? The area behind your ear drum has air in it and that pressure is equalized through the eustachian tube. If that...

Duration: 00:31:50


Episode 91 - Ear Anatomy

5/1/2017
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The Auricle = the part of the ear you can see; made of cartilage (flexible tissue that doesn't have a large blood supply) Everything else requires a tool for the doctor to see inside. And the doctor can only see to about the ear drum. The stuff behind the ear isn't visible because of the membrane that blocks it. The middle and inner ear are surrounded by your head bones. Science of sound Sound is created when the air around us is compressed and then expands. They move away from the...

Duration: 00:19:17


Episode 90 - Allergy Testing Experience

4/24/2017
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Anaphylaxis = an out of control allergic reaction that can be life-threatening if medical treatment is not sought immediately EpiPens are a first-step self-treatment in the case of a major allergic reaction or anaphylaxis. I got 33 injections!! It started with a serum test as a baseline - just to see how strongly my histamine reaction was. The injections are sub-dermal (under the dermis layer of the skin). It's the same level if injection that a TB skin test is done (to see if you've...

Duration: 00:16:45


Episode 88 - Eye Conditions 4

4/10/2017
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Dry eye: 48% of Americans over age 18 complain of dry eyes. Caused by environment, genetics, health conditions, eye procedures, medications. There are 2 reasons for dry eye: 1. Inflammation blocks the free flow of fluid through the eye. 2. Tear duct insufficiency - the ducts and glands don't produce adequate moisture for the eye (can be solved by a tear duct stent) If a medication dries up another part of your body, then it has the potential to dry out your eyes (antihistamines,...

Duration: 00:25:41


Episode 87 - Eye Conditions 3

4/3/2017
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If something happens to your eyes that makes you want to ask the pharmacist if you should go to the doctor, the answer will most likely be "yes, go see a doctor." Even at emergency rooms, they will treat you and make you comfortable but always tell you to follow up with your eye doctor. Photopsias = seeing things that aren't really there, the visual cortex translates other sensations as "sight" Floaters - "shadows" that float around in your field of vision. They *can* be a sign of a...

Duration: 00:28:29


Episode 86 - Eye Conditions 2

3/27/2017
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Color blindness = blind to color But it doesn't mean that someone sees the world in black and white. It's technically labeled as Red-Green color blindness, which means the world is seen in shades of yellow. The cones in your eyes (a certain shaped cells in your retina) are built to pick up different wavelengths of light (think ROYGBV). So the cones that would pick up reds and greens are absent or broken. Found to be a Y-chromosome trait, so it is more prevalent in males. Rarely...

Duration: 00:29:36


Episode 85 - Eye Conditions 1

3/20/2017
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Your eyes work together so that the line of focus for each eye cross, and that is your most in focus image. So as your eyes make tiny adjustments, you can focus on things close up or far away. If you have a lazy eye, the muscles don't allow the eye to focus and coordinate with the strong eye. This can lead to double vision or blurry vision. Abmlyopia - I remember it because it sounds like "ambling" which can mean to meander or wander around. Versions of this can be caused by torticollis,...

Duration: 00:29:40


Eye Vitamins 2

3/13/2017
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Remember: if a vitamin is good for one place in your body, it’s probably good for a lot of places in your body. Thiamine (B-1) - thiamine is used heavily in your liver, to help metabolize alcohol. Most well-known deficiency in alcoholics. Thiamine also helps nerves produce several neurotransmitters, as well as protects your nerves from inflammatory chemicals (the chemicals in your body that trigger swelling and pain). You don’t want inflammation in your optical nerves. You also don’t...

Duration: 00:22:34


Episode 83 - Eye Vitamins 1

3/6/2017
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*Disclaimer: most vitamins and minerals are used in and good for ALL of your body Vitamin C - helps make collagen, allows iron to be absorbed, and acts as a neurotransmitter co-factor (helps in the process of creating and sending messages) Vitamin E - antioxidant (call-back —> traps up free radicals so they don’t damage cells in important organs) Beta-Carotene - a pre-cursor to Vitamin A (this happens in your liver), Vitamin A works with proteins in your eyes to create...

Duration: 00:21:32


Episode 82 - Eye Anatomy

2/27/2017
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Your eyes are more complex than any camera on the planet! Cornea - a concave lens on the front of your eye that focuses light Iris - the colored part, a diaphragm that controls how much light comes in (the pupil is the hole the light enters = equivalent to the aperture of a camera) Lens - the "focuser", uses a process called accommodation to focus near to far and make the image as sharp and clear as possible Retina - the sensor, and sends signals to the brain to translate light into an...

Duration: 00:21:42


Episode 81 - Brainstem

2/20/2017
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Your brainstem is the most basic area of the brain. The area of the brain that we have in common with almost all other levels of the animal kingdom. It extends right into the spinal cord. A lot of other whole body involuntary reflexes come from the spinal cord - that's another story for another day). 3 main parts: - Medulla oblongata - rhythm center (heart rate, breathing, swallowing, vomiting and coughing reflex) - they're all involuntary - Pons (not ponds) - the bridge between the...

Duration: 00:19:36


Episode 80 - Blood Brain Barrier

2/13/2017
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The blood brain barrier is the last layer of cells between what's in your blood and the extracellular fluid around your brain cells. You're born with it! It's main job is filtration... 2 ways things get through the blood brain barrier: - Passive diffusion: small, neutral molecules (water, gases, lipid-soluble) - Active transport: glucose, amino acids, drugs (like a revolving door) Permeability: how easily something can pass through a layer without work Things that change...

Duration: 00:19:27


Episode 79 - Male DNA in the Female Brain

2/6/2017
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*Sorry again for crying baby* The news reported that scientists had discovered a link between male DNA found in the brain of the women who gave birth to sons. Microchimerism = DNA fragment of another organism that incorporates into you This particular microchimerism involves the Y chromosome (because otherwise, you wouldn't know it was specifically male). Other documented microchimerism studies have reason to believe they may be beneficial - especially in a process called...

Duration: 00:12:25

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