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Trade Talks | PIIE-logo

Trade Talks | PIIE

Business & Economics Podcasts >

More Information

Location:

United States

Language:

English

Contact:

202.328.9000


Episodes

19: GSP--Low Tariffs for Development?

1/19/2018
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), the program rich countries use to offer lower tariffs to exporters in developing countries. They discuss a variety of programs—the now expired US GSP scheme, the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), as well as differences with the European Union's GSP, GSP+ and Everything But Arms (EBA) policies. They speak with Emily Blanchard (Tuck School at Dartmouth College)...

Duration: 00:39:25


18: Brexit--Sectoral Analyses or Impact Assessments?

1/9/2018
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Soumaya Keynes (The Economist) and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown speak with Professor Meredith Crowley (University of Cambridge) about her Brexit research. Crowley describes results from her use of information on product-level UK exports and trade policies to identify the key sectoral risks of Britain exiting the European Union without a new trade deal. She also explains the uncertainty associated with UK exports to the EU facing tariff-rate quotas for agriculture, as well as trade...

Duration: 00:30:12


17: WTO Ministerials--Now and Then

12/21/2017
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist focus on the December 2017 World Trade Organization (WTO) Ministerial meeting in Buenos Aires. They describe the contentious negotiations over India's public stockholding program, fishing subsidies, and electronic commerce. They interview author Paul Blustein about his book "Misadventures of the Most Favored Nations: Clashing Egos, Inflated Ambitions, and the Great Shambles of the World Trade System," including the Battle...

Duration: 00:27:00


16. Weird Trade Barriers--Or How Trade Talks Help a Cocktail Party

12/15/2017
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist survey listeners and conduct interviews from the WTO Ministerial meeting in Buenos Aires, to describe some of the more bizarre—and fascinating—barriers to international trade found in human history. They analyze the economics of policies applied in countries around the world that affect bicycles and skis, the Internet, video cassette recorders and pirated movies, as well as alcohol, chocolate, and tobacco.

Duration: 00:23:11


15: Is China a Non-Market Economy? Why the WTO Gets to Decide

12/8/2017
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist focus on a huge WTO dispute in which China is suing the European Union and the United States over their refusal to treat it as a market economy, meaning they will not put lower duties on Chinese exports. They discuss how China's economy has evolved over time and how to define a "market economy." Special features include Keynes's interview with European Commissioner for Trade, Cecilia Malmstrom, and conversations about the...

Duration: 00:16:06


14: Trade Talks Tough: Sanctions on North Korea

11/30/2017
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown talk with PIIE Senior Fellow Marcus Noland about his research on implementing trade sanctions on North Korea. First up is his recent book with Stephan Haggard (PIIE) Hard Target: Sanctions, Inducements, and the Case of North Korea and the evidence behind the effectiveness of using trade policy to bring about change in North Korea. They discuss the implications of North Korea's periods of autarky, and the commitment and...

Duration: 00:34:09


13: Export Superstars and Billionaires: When Do Policymakers Need to Worry?

11/22/2017
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown talk with PIIE Senior Fellow Caroline Freund about her research on big firms, billionaires, international trade, and economic development. First up is her recent book "Rich People Poor Countries: The Rise of Emerging-Market Tycoons and Their Mega Firms" and the evidence behind the importance of being big in international trade. They also probe the downside of unproductive wealth, the rise of inefficient behemoths in the...

Duration: 00:19:53


12: How to Save a (Pacific) Trade Deal

11/16/2017
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of the Economist examine the new Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP). They discuss how 11 persistent countries pulled the original TPP deal from President Trump's dustbin and pushed toward agreement by suspending certain important elements. They also speak with PIIE Senior Fellow Jeffrey J. Schott about the motivation behind the agreement for countries like Japan, Australia, Malaysia, Vietnam,...

Duration: 00:22:30


Episode 11: The Complicated Impact of Trade...on Developing Countries

11/9/2017
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of the Economist examine the impact of international trade on economic activity within developing countries like India, Vietnam, and Brazil. They talk with Professor Nina Pavcnik of Dartmouth College about her research on how trade liberalization has impacted workers and firms, what affects their ability to adjust, and the implications for poverty reduction and inequality. They also discuss the challenges and domestic policy implications...

Episode 10: What If the UK Crashed into a No-Deal Brexit?

11/3/2017
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist examine what a no-deal Brexit would look like, or the economic implications if Britain were to split from the European Union without a new trade deal. They talk with Professor Swati Dhingra of the London School of Economics about her research on what reverting to World Trade Organization (WTO) tariffs would mean for the United Kingdom. They also discuss looming nontariff barriers to trade in sectors like pharmaceuticals,...

Duration: 00:31:56


Episode 9: Happy 70th GATTiversary--The Origins of Multilateral Trade

10/27/2017
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On the occasion of its 70th anniversary, PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist focus on the origins of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, or GATT. They speak with the authors of "The Genesis of the GATT" (Cambridge University Press)--Professors Douglas Irwin, Petros Mavroidis, and Alan Sykes--about the gripping lead-up to the signing of the transformative trade agreement on October 30, 1947. The American Smoot-Hawley tariffs, British Imperial...

Duration: 00:29:39


Trade Talks Episode 8: NAFTA Time Out--Unsurprisingly Unconventional

10/20/2017
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Soumaya Keynes of the Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown focus on the economic tension arising through the ongoing NAFTA—or North American Free Trade Agreement—talks between the United States, Canada, and Mexico. The episode also dives into the question of how integrated the NAFTA economy is, exploring value-added in the hotly contested automobile industry. The trade geeks also provide rapid-fire answers to questions from listeners who were asked "What else do you want to know...

Duration: 00:27:43


Trade Talks Episode 6: Uncertainty and Trade Deals--Not Good

10/4/2017
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PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown and Soumaya Keynes of The Economist focus this week on the costs of increased uncertainty generated by President Trump's threat to rip up US trade agreements as well as the United Kingdom's Brexit vote to leave the European Union. Professor Nuno Limão of the University of Maryland joins to discuss his recent research on how trade agreements reduce investment uncertainty and provides insight from Portugal's 1986 entry to the European Community, China's 2001...

Duration: 00:27:38


Trade Talks Episode 5: Solar Tariffs, Clean Energy (and Trump)

9/29/2017
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss President Trump's upcoming choice to grant trade protection to a sliver of the US solar manufacturing industry. The episode describes cleavages within the solar industry, including jobs, and the rarely used US Section 201 trade law being deployed. It chronicles the long history of environmental, economic, and trade policy problems--in the United States, the European Union, and China--behind the solar panel dispute...

Duration: 00:24:36


Trade Talks Episode 4: Holding the WTO Hostage, Trump Style

9/22/2017
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown focus on the Trump administration's approach to the World Trade Organization (WTO). The episode describes US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer's recently articulated positions involving WTO dispute settlement rulings adverse to the United States (e.g., "zeroing"), a looming crisis in Geneva that threatens the WTO's independent Appellate Body, and the administration's approach toward "mercantilist China" inside or...

Duration: 00:26:22


Trade Talks Episode 3: Nerves of Steel: Waiting for Trump's Trade War

9/15/2017
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Soumaya Keynes (The Economist) and Chad Bown (PIIE) focus on the Trump administration's risking a trade war, after the president started a Section 232 investigation into whether steel and aluminum imports are a threat to US national security. The episode describes the controversial law that the president triggered, the international response that included threats of retaliation, and the economic problems of both the underlying Chinese overcapacity as well as the administration's potential...

Duration: 00:18:05


Trade Talks Episode 1: NAFTAnomics: The Economics of Three Big Fights

9/1/2017
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the economics of trade policy. This week they focus on three big fights in the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) renegotiations, as President Donald Trump steers the trade relationship between the United States, Mexico, and Canada on Twitter. The first is about the ability of foreign companies to sue governments under NAFTA; the second is Trump seeking to remove constraints on imposing antidumping and...

Duration: 00:35:12


Trade Talks Special Episode: Trump's Unfair Trade Action against China

8/18/2017
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Soumaya Keynes of The Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown discuss the issues involved in President Trump's triggering a "Section 301" investigation of China's unfair treatment of American intellectual property. This special episode covers two questions: What is forced technology transfer, and is it a problem? Is Trump's approach on China the right one?

Duration: 00:23:36


Trade Talks Episode 0: Introduction to the Weekly Podcast

8/11/2017
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Soumaya Keynes of the Economist and PIIE Senior Fellow Chad P. Bown introduce a weekly and geeky podcast on developments in international trade and policy. This week's episode covers the hosts' favorite trade (short) stories of the year and their very revealing answers to the question: Why trade? The podcast's official launch is on iTunes September 1, 2017.

Duration: 00:07:15