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Episodes

ECW 12: The experience of war in England

8/7/2019
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A quick episode back in England, discussing the polarizing experience of war, which drove thousands of new immigrants to the colonies, and also created a seriously different mindset between new colonists and old ones.

Duration:00:37:19

ECW 11: The Remonstrance of 1646, pt. 2

7/24/2019
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The biggest threat yet to Massachusetts Bay autonomy also provoked some of its most ruthless political suppression. But, the colony wins, the deputies and magistrates unite, a new synod of New England Churches is planned, and if anything, the region's status quo is strengthened. Plus, Plymouth's Edward Winslow goes back to England to advocate on Massachusetts's behalf, and becomes increasingly involved in Parliamentary governance.

Duration:00:23:57

ECW 10: Reform, autonomy and the Remonstrance of 1646

7/17/2019
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When Parliament allows Samuel Gorton to appeal decisions made by the Massachusetts General Court, a small group of disgruntled New Englanders gets together to push for reform in Massachusetts, in a way which threatens the autonomy the colony has always valued so much.

Duration:00:40:07

ECW 9: Polarization, moderation and the end of the first Civil War

6/19/2019
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Bermuda Presbyterians beg for an anti-Congregationalist governor, and when they get him, retaliation pushes Congregationalists to England, where they become a focal point of the debate between Presbyterians and Independents. Barbados maintains its neutrality, despite repeated attempts by Parliament to push it to declare its allegiance.

Duration:00:59:14

English Civil War 8: Long awaited return

6/7/2019
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Berkeley returns from England to find the Powhatan War mismanaged. Calvert returns from Virginia to reinstate Maryland's Proprietary government. But ... the last remaining Royalist port, Bristol, falls, an event which spells trouble for all American colonies, not just Royalist ones. Also, Opechancanough is murdered.

Duration:00:43:19

English Civil War 7: The Plundering Time

4/17/2019
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Richard Ingle returns to Maryland to lead a revolt which topples Maryland's Catholic leadership, and steals everything they own. Fathers White and Copley return to England as prisoners, and Calvert escapes to Virginia.

Duration:00:37:31

English Civil War 6: War comes to America

4/10/2019
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Congregationalists seize control of Bermuda's government and Church, imposing an era of oppression of the colony's Royalists/Anglicans and Presbyterians. The Third Anglo-Powhatan War begins, and William Claiborne and Richard Ingle join forces for an attack on Maryland. Plus, we briefly discuss the life of Thomas Rolfe, son of Pocahontas and John Rolfe.

Duration:00:23:04

English Civil War 5: the Hingham Militia Case

4/4/2019
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Deputies clash with magistrates and Presbyterians with Congregationalists, resulting in Massachusetts's most heated political battle since 1636, and leading John Winthrop to give his famous "Little Speech on Liberty."

Duration:01:53:48

ECW 4: The worst and most dangerous times (and sugar!)

3/27/2019
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ANNOUNCEMENT: I'm planning to change the name of this podcast, either to "American Origins" or "Rejects & Revolutionaries." Richard Ingle is arrested for treason in Maryland, Virginia starts kicking out Puritans, Barbados takes a unique approach to avoiding factional conflict, and Barbados colonist James Drax asks the Dutch for help cultivating sugar.

Duration:00:36:30

English Civil War 3: Aristocracy vs. Democracy

3/20/2019
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In 1643, the debate between the deputies and the magistrates intensified in Massachusetts, and puritans in both old and New England debated the merits of Presbyterianism and Congregationalism. The fundamental issue underlying both controversies was how far the revolution should go. Should England retain an aristocratic hierarchy, or move toward democracy?

Duration:00:44:14

English Civil War 2: An overview of the war

3/13/2019
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A brief overview of the events leading to civil war in England, plus Americans' initial responses to developments in their home country.

Duration:00:55:33

English Civil War 1 REUPLOAD

3/7/2019
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This episode is identical to the last episode, but because I'd uploaded a truncated file the last time, and the file change itself can cause some technical glitches, I'm just re-uploading this as a whole new episode. This one will expire at the end of the month.

Duration:00:44:31

English Civil War 1: Profile of 1642 America

3/6/2019
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An overview of what English America looked like before war started in 1642, including a brief introduction to the foundation of the earliest successful Caribbean colonies.

Duration:00:28:24

Providence Island 9: End of an era

2/6/2019
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The final collapse of the Providence Island project, plus reflections on the end of this era of American history, and how Providence Island contributed to the outbreak of the English Civil War.

Duration:00:36:22

Providence Island 8: The second Spanish attack

1/30/2019
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The civilians drive Butler from Providence Island, but he leaves the abusive Andrew Carter in his place. Parliament is called in England, and the colony faces its second Spanish attack.

Duration:00:33:36

Providence Island 7: Descent into chaos

1/23/2019
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In 1637, investor hopes were at an all time high. By 1639, they were slipping further into debt despite their privateers having 300,000 pounds worth of goods from the Spanish. And, the colony was becoming less orderly, despite the concessions they were making to the colonists, and despite sending the best governor yet to the colony. Add in a couple slave revolts, and the Island was for all intents and purposes past the point of no return.

Duration:00:39:39

Providence Island 6: Dreams fulfilled

1/16/2019
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The company rearranged to accommodate colonists and reap the rewards from privateering, but just when they thought things were going great, Providence Island civilians issued an ultimatum. They would leave if the company didn't meet their demands.

Duration:00:24:10

Providence Island 5: The last Elizabethan colony

1/9/2019
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Providence Island revived the Elizabethan dream of colonization - chipping away at the Spanish Empire and protecting Protestantism through bold confrontation. After a Spanish attack in 1635, the struggling colony was allowed to engage in privateering, something investors justifiably hoped would save the venture.

Duration:00:31:59

Providence Island 4: Differing Puritan visions

1/2/2019
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It's easy to write off the past as a time of backward thinking and oppressive religious beliefs, but in this episode, we explore the ideological divisions of the Puritan movement a little bit, and see that things aren't quite as simple as that. Plus, the worsening of problems on Providence Island, faction fighting, needing a reliable commodity, increased fear of the Spanish, and worsening of company debt.

Duration:00:35:18

Providence Island 3: Old problems and new solutions

12/20/2018
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The first years of Providence Island's experience were defined by two familiar problems: factionalism, and economic stagnation. Though they were all puritans who would soon be parliamentarians, colonists in the 1630s were at each other's throats. And, the company wanted economic returns without providing the plan or tools (especially labor) to achieve that. But, they had two new solutions to those problems. For factionalism, they would keep all power concentrated in London. For labor, they...

Duration:00:32:30