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The World of Islam: Culture, Religion, and Politics

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Historical surveys and current discussions about culture, religion, and politics in Muslim settings

Historical surveys and current discussions about culture, religion, and politics in Muslim settings
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Location:

United States

Description:

Historical surveys and current discussions about culture, religion, and politics in Muslim settings

Language:

English


Episodes

EP.55-The Non-Muslims of the Early Islamic Period (Part II)

2/6/2017
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This episode continues discussing the non-Muslim communities of the early Islamic period. The focus shifts to Christian communities after the Arab conquests.

Duration:00:08:12

Ep.53-Religion: Popular Islam

12/31/2015
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This episode seeks to correct a major misconception concerning Islam and Muslim life. The Islam of the masses is not simply a reflection of the intellectual discourses that we have covered so far in the podcast.

Duration:00:10:00

Ep.52-The Brethren of Purity

12/14/2015
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. A History of Islamic Philosophy by Majid Fakhry Islamic Philosophy A-Z by Peter S. Groff Islamic Philosophy: an Introduction by Oliver Leaman The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy Edited by P. Adamson/R.C. Taylor

Duration:00:09:51

Ep.51-Al-Farabi and his Philosophy

7/28/2015
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Al-Farabi (d.950) was one of the most important philosophers of the world of early Islam. This episode briefly introduces part of his contribution to metaphysics and political philosophy. Sources and further readings: A History of Islamic Philosophy by Majid Fakhry Islamic Philosophy A-Z by Peter S. Groff Islamic Philosophy: an Introduction by Oliver Leaman The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy Edited by P. Adamson/R.C. Taylor

Duration:00:10:11

EP.50-Philosophy and Religion between al-Kindi and al-Razi

7/10/2015
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This episode highlights two perspectives in early philosophy within Muslim contexts. Al-Kindi (d. 860s) viewed philosophy and religion as compatible and important whereas al-Razi (d.925) was skeptical of revelation and prophets. Sources and further readings: A History of Islamic Philosophy by Majid Fakhry Islamic Philosophy A-Z by Peter S. Groff Islamic Philosophy: an Introduction by Oliver Leaman The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy Edited by P. Adamson/R.C. Taylor

Duration:00:08:51

EP.49-Philosophy in Early Islamic Contexts

6/12/2015
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This episode discusses the interaction with Greek philosophy in the early Islamic period. We encounter Plotinus, Neoplatonism, and the important Christian translators of Greek knowledge to Arabic which opened the door to the rise of major Muslim philosophers in later times. Sources and further readings: A History of Islamic Philosophy by Majid Fakhry Islamic Philosophy A-Z by Peter S. Groff Islamic Philosophy: an Introduction by Oliver Leaman The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy...

Duration:00:07:55

EP.48--Religion: The Sufi Worldview

2/3/2015
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Today's episode seeks to present a general picture of the Sufi worldview. Some of the questions we briefly deal with include: How do Sufis interpret revelation? And what is the Sufi "Way" or "Path" (tariqa)? We also encounter the terms kashf, haqiqa, maqamat, and ahwal.

Duration:00:12:37

EP.47--Religion: From Asceticism to Mysticism

12/19/2014
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This episode discusses a further step in the later rise of full-fledged Sufi orientations within the world of Islam. We encounter the concepts of ma`rifa (intuitive knowledge), fana' (annihilation in God), and baqa' (subsistence), as well as the important figures of Bistami (d.875), al-Junayd (d.910), and al-Hallaj (d.922).

Duration:00:09:04

EP.46--Religion: Early Sufism and Asceticism

11/15/2014
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This episode introduces the tradition of Sufism that some also call Islamic mysticism. We are concerned today with the early period and the practice of zuhd (asceticism).

Duration:00:08:25

EP.45--History: Jihad in the Modern World

10/7/2014
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This episode discusses the struggles of modern Muslims to make sense of the concept of Jihad. We consider the impact of European colonialism and attempt to map a number of ways in which Muslims in the modern world have perceived Jihad up to the present.

Duration:00:16:34

EP.44--History: The Jihad Movements

9/26/2014
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This episode briefly discusses the worldview of the Jihad movements that appeared on the Muslim scene around the 17th and 18th centuries AD. Can we view these movements as, in some ways, precursors to contemporary Jihad movements? The episode particularly highlights the attitude of these movements towards the religious practice of their time and also their drive to establish a "caliphate."

Duration:00:13:07

EP.43--Religion: Jihad, War, and Peace

9/6/2014
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What exactly is Jihad? This episode discusses the traditional doctrine of Jihad that Muslim Jurists developed and takes a brief look at related issues of conflict, peace, and pluralism in the Qur'an and some premodern Muslim legal discourses.

Duration:00:22:45

EP.42--Religion: Ijma' (Consensus) between the Legal and the Political in Islamic Discourses

7/31/2014
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What does Ijmāʿ (consensus) mean? How does it function within traditional Islamic Law? In what way do the Sunni concept of “ijmāʿ” and the Shīʿī concept of “imām” parallel each other? What are the political dynamics of ijmāʿ?

Duration:00:10:27

EP.41--Religion: Ijtihad and the Intellectual Struggle to Find God's Law in Islam

7/23/2014
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The episode discusses the concept of ijtihad that has been used by Muslim jurists to derive legal rulings. We particularly focus on what is known as qiyas and that came to be the most dominant interpretative tool that a mujtahid utilizes in this process.

Duration:00:10:00

EP.40--Religion: Hadith Collections

7/7/2014
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Duration:00:13:05

EP.39--Religion: Hadith and Sunna

6/7/2014
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Hadith reports attributing sayings and actions to Muhammad came to play a major role in the shaping of the religion of Islam. This episode will discuss some of the classifications of Hadith that Muslim scholars came to adopt after the success of what can be termed the Hadith movement.

Duration:00:12:28

EP.38--Religion: The Solidification of Sunni Legal Schools

5/20/2014
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This episode deals with the institutionalization of the legal field in Sunni Islam and the rise of the four "orthodox" legal schools or madhabs (Hanafi, Maliki, Shafiʿi, and Hanbali).

Duration:00:15:14

EP.37--Religion: The Compromise of al-Shafiʿi and the Slow Birth of Usul al-Fiqh

5/8/2014
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This episode further discusses the debate between the Ahl al-Ra'y and Ahl al-Hadith as well as the compromise initiated by al-Shafiʿi, who will make the case for hadith as vehicle for Sunna and will establish a rudimentary base of Usul al-Fiqh (Sources/Principles of Jurisprudence).

Duration:00:13:44

EP.36--Religion: The Partisans of Reason and the Partisans of Prophetic Reports

4/8/2014
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This episode discusses the rise of legal study circles in early Islam. We encounter Ahl al-Ra'y (Partisans of reason), Ahl al-Hadith (Partisans of prophetic reports), Abu Hanifa (d.767) and Malik (d.795).

Duration:00:09:05