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Asia's Developing Future

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At the forefront of growth & development in Asia and the Pacific The Asian Development Bank Institute (adbi.org), Tokyo, is the think tank of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), Manila. It is the top regional studies center and the second-ranked government-affiliated think tank in the world. ADBI helps policy makers in developing Asia through research that focuses on medium- to long-term development, and through training that helps reduce poverty.

At the forefront of growth & development in Asia and the Pacific The Asian Development Bank Institute (adbi.org), Tokyo, is the think tank of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), Manila. It is the top regional studies center and the second-ranked government-affiliated think tank in the world. ADBI helps policy makers in developing Asia through research that focuses on medium- to long-term development, and through training that helps reduce poverty.
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Tokyo, Japan

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Podcasts

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At the forefront of growth & development in Asia and the Pacific The Asian Development Bank Institute (adbi.org), Tokyo, is the think tank of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), Manila. It is the top regional studies center and the second-ranked government-affiliated think tank in the world. ADBI helps policy makers in developing Asia through research that focuses on medium- to long-term development, and through training that helps reduce poverty.

Language:

English

Contact:

+81 3 35935500


Episodes

The four Rs to look for in think tanks

1/3/2019
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With think tanks around the world now numbering 8,000 and counting, how do you pick the best among them? James McGann, senior lecturer of international studies at the Lauder Institute and director of the Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program at the University of Pennsylvania, identified four things a think tank must master. Read the transcript https://bit.ly/2QlU2Ym Read more about the event https://www.adb.org/news/events/think-tanks-new-knowledge-policy-brokers-asia About the author...

Duration:00:06:37

ASEAN needs to do more to maintain its emergency rice reserves and use them efficiently

1/3/2019
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The Association of Southeast Asian Nations has a long-standing agreement to build and maintain rice reserves to deal with natural disasters and growing food insecurity among its 10 members. The rice reserves are effective, but more needs to be done to streamline funding of and access to the reserves to make sure relief arrives faster. An Asian Development Bank Institute study found that ASEAN member countries should speed up negotiation for, coordination of, and responses to requests for...

Duration:00:05:12

The “kicker” bond could help kick-start infrastructure projects

12/26/2018
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How can private investors be persuaded to invest in public infrastructure – like new highways, railways, and dams? Many governments don’t want to incur further debt. And most politicians are reluctant to impose new or higher taxes on citizens who use the infrastructure. Institutional investors—such as pension funds—don’t generally see infrastructure as an attractive investment option. This is especially so in emerging economies with untried borrowers. Read the transcript...

Duration:00:04:53

In richer economies, the poor are more at risk of becoming obese than the more affluent

12/26/2018
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Economic development can have significant health costs for growing numbers of overweight and obese people, as the example of Indonesia illustrates. This is what a new book by the Asian Development Bank Institute concludes. Overweight and Obesity in Asia and the Pacific: Trends, Costs, and Policies for Better Health gathers analyses by economists, doctors, and public health experts, including Matthias Helble, ADBI’s co-chair of research at the time the book was published and now an economist...

Duration:00:04:18

Digital technology is essential to better financial services for small businesses

12/20/2018
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Digital technology is essential to better financial services for small businesses Better financial services are needed by micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs), such as secured transaction frameworks, credit information systems, and insolvency regimes. Among the 21 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum economies, MSMEs represent more than 60% of total employment, 40% of gross domestic product, and 15% of total exports, but some 40% of their financial needs go unserved,...

Duration:00:03:15

Obesity “time bomb” ticks away in developing economies

12/20/2018
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Developing countries need to urgently deal with an obesity “time bomb” ticking away in their economies, and which is already dragging down growth and driving up health costs. The World Health Organization says that in 2016, more than 1.9 billion adults were overweight and 650 million were obese, with the worldwide prevalence of obesity nearly tripling since 1975. Mathias Helble and Azusa Sato investigate. Read the transcript https://bit.ly/2SaqUFd Read the report...

Duration:00:07:22

Asia has a lot more catching up to do in green investments

12/11/2018
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Asia may have made headway in channeling investments into green projects, but it needs $26.2 trillion between 2016 and 2030 or $1.7 trillion annually to finance sustainable and climate-resilient infrastructure. Southeast Asia alone needs an estimated $110 billion annually for investment in power, transport, information and communication technology, and water and sanitation through 2025. Asia has a lot more catching up to do than other regions. In 2016, green investments in Asia, excluding...

Duration:00:07:31

Central banks in developing Asia are prepared for uncertain times

12/11/2018
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Lessons learned during the Asian financial crisis leave central banks in developing Asia well-prepared for potentially volatile times as the world emerges from a period of ultra-low interest rates. That’s the view of central bank expert Hans Genberg, an advisor at the South East Asian Central Banks Research and Training Centre in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Read the transcript https://bit.ly/2B9UzHx Read the report https://bit.ly/2B9D7mv Watch the presentation https://bit.ly/2UvwwM1 About the...

Duration:00:04:25

Land trusts are the best way to acquire private land for infrastructure

12/4/2018
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Land trusts are the best way for governments in Asia to acquire private land for infrastructure projects. They also increase the likelihood that private companies will help build the roads, bridges, and railways that will keep economies growing. Recent research by the Asian Development Bank Institute notes that political upheaval has often accompanied attempts by governments to take over private land for infrastructure projects. India, Nepal, Indonesia, and the Philippines have all faced...

Duration:00:04:00

In the People’s Republic of China, girls now have more schooling than boys

12/4/2018
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Girls now have more schooling on average than boys in the People’s Republic of China, reversing the age-old tradition of sons being better educated than daughters. One driver of change is China’s rapid economic growth over the past several decades, which has raised female literacy and living standards, leading to females receiving more schooling. Government policies limiting families to just one child and requiring them to send all children to school are also major factors. Kathleen McGarry...

Duration:00:06:46

More action is needed to achieve fair taxation in the digital economy

11/27/2018
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Innovative financial services and improved ways of doing business have emerged on the back of the rapidly growing digital economy, a field that has been growing exponentially over the past 10 years. The digital economy is extremely diverse, driving e-commerce, app stores, online advertising, online payment services, and cloud computing among a wide range of fields. Because the digital economy operates in an environment lacking regulations, achieving fair taxation is a challenge. Wawan...

Duration:00:06:59

Denying credit to small and medium-sized enterprises may threaten an economy’s growth

11/27/2018
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Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) comprise 99% of nonfinancial businesses in the euro area and employ 67% of the total labor force. In Asia, they account for almost 98% of all businesses and employ about 66% of the workforce. These businesses are vital to a country’s economy. To survive, most SMEs need external funding. The most important direct sources are credit lines, bank loans, and leasing. Funds are essential—but where are they? What can be done to help SMEs? Danilo Mascia of...

Duration:00:04:01

The New Silk Road and its network of projects could be a “win-win” for all

11/20/2018
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Linking the People's Republic of China with Asia, Africa, and Europe by land and sea can be a win-win for China and its partner countries, if the trillions of dollars China plans to invest in infrastructure will benefit its partners, too. Jean François Gautrin of the Malaysian Institute of Economic Research explains. Read the transcript https://bit.ly/2zk7ZjR Read the report https://www.asiapathways-adbi.org/2018/03/one-belt-one-road-and-the-risks-behind-the-win-win-situation/ About the...

Duration:00:03:59

Financial inclusion needs to be part of the government’s strategy in the Kyrgyz Republic

11/20/2018
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More than 60% of adults in the Kyrgyz Republic do not have access to financial products and services, and many still prefer to keep their money under a mattress. While a quarter of the adult population have savings, only 3% have money saved in financial institutions. Nor do people have much use for credit. Only 10.2% of adults have borrowed from a financial institution or used a credit card, a number that’s below global averages. Lack of access to banks and credit keep the poor from escaping...

Duration:00:06:04

Different laws reflect a country’s unique culture and can hinder or stimulate innovation

11/13/2018
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Laws in developing countries generally reflect their unique cultures, which may restrict innovation and risk-taking, throwing obstacles in the path to development. Strong legal mechanisms, including intellectual property rights and patent protection, allow innovation to thrive. More than elsewhere in Asia, Southeast Asian countries emphasize the economic value of intellectual property rights on patents, but enforcement varies and so does their attraction for investors. Douglas Cumming of the...

Duration:00:04:15

Social networks facilitate informal finance in the People's Republic of China

11/13/2018
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In Chinese culture, as in most other cultures, whom you know is often more important than what you know, and social networks of relatives, friends, or local links are recognized as important to cultivate for help in job hunting, career promotion, or gathering and disseminating information. In developed economies, it’s called “networking,” or informal exchanges of business cards and ideas with like-minded people in social settings. In the Peoples Republic of China, and among the Chinese...

Duration:00:06:06

Successful urbanization could free developing countries from the middle-income trap

11/6/2018
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Scores of countries have fallen and are falling into the middle-income trap as they strive to develop. And, because of income inequality, aging populations, and a lack of growth impetus, some may never escape. Of the world’s 199 countries and semi-sovereign economies, 88 are stuck in the middle-income trap: 20 are in Europe, 18 in North America, 16 in Asia, 15 in Africa, 11 in South America, and 8 in Oceania. Chen Wang of Shanghai University of Finance and Economics and Jiajun Lan of the...

Duration:00:06:19

Stronger credit data systems boost services

11/6/2018
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Timely and accurate credit information is critical to a well-functioning financial industry and essential for any government to maintain financial stability. About a third of credit bureaus consider only negative data and provide an incomplete, and often inaccurate, assessment of a borrower’s risks. Governments should collect comprehensive data on each level of business in each sector. Data should also be made available to registries and bureaus to improve their abilities in providing public...

Duration:00:03:13

Increased monitoring is essential for Asian countries’ smooth economic integration

10/30/2018
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Asia is becoming more integrated than ever before and so requires increased monitoring. While integration has increased overall, the movement of goods, services, and people across borders has grown unevenly across sectors and subregions. Policy makers need to be guided through the complex process to benefit from a smooth and successful integration. Read the transcript https://bit.ly/2OfFoAT Read the policy brief https://www.adb.org/publications/monitoring-regional-economic-integration-asia...

Duration:00:03:24

Pacific island countries need to clear many hurdles to get into export markets

10/30/2018
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As the economies of these countries have diversified, their exports have increased to almost three times what they were 2 decades ago. But the gains have been intermittent—and countries need to do more to access Asian markets to boost export revenues further. Businesses need to be able to ship more to export markets. Instead of maintaining trade barriers, governments should support them and help link them to buyers and distributors. Those are some of the hurdles discussed in the policy brief...

Duration:00:04:52