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Have a question for the pharmacist? Get your answers here! Clear explanations about complicated medical topics that anyone can understand. Disclaimer: The information contained in this blog and related podcast is not to be taken as medical advice, they are for informational and educational purposes only. If you resemble anything that is mentioned in this blog or related podcast, contact your doctor. The information contained in this blog and related podcasts is the opinion of the author and does not reflect the views of her employer.

Have a question for the pharmacist? Get your answers here! Clear explanations about complicated medical topics that anyone can understand. Disclaimer: The information contained in this blog and related podcast is not to be taken as medical advice, they are for informational and educational purposes only. If you resemble anything that is mentioned in this blog or related podcast, contact your doctor. The information contained in this blog and related podcasts is the opinion of the author and does not reflect the views of her employer.
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United States

Description:

Have a question for the pharmacist? Get your answers here! Clear explanations about complicated medical topics that anyone can understand. Disclaimer: The information contained in this blog and related podcast is not to be taken as medical advice, they are for informational and educational purposes only. If you resemble anything that is mentioned in this blog or related podcast, contact your doctor. The information contained in this blog and related podcasts is the opinion of the author and does not reflect the views of her employer.

Language:

English


Episodes

Episode 117 - Voice Troubles

3/12/2018
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Laryngitis Laryngitis, known as inflammation of the larynx, is the most common cause of hoarseness and voice loss. It is very common in viral infections, such as a cold, flu, or adenovirus. Acute laryngitis is caused by an illness, while chronic laryngitis may be a secondary symptom of another problem like acid reflux, smoking, or severe thrush. There is a lot of advice that goes around about what can "cure" laryngitis or get rid of hoarseness. Hydration is always key. Some of the other...

Duration:00:39:37

Episode 116 - Voice

2/28/2018
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Notes coming soon!

Duration:00:20:42

Episode 115 - Gag Reflex

2/12/2018
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Gag Reflex Basics The official name of your gag reflex is the pharyngeal reflex or laryngeal spasm. Trigger points for the gag reflex can be found on the roof of the mouth, back of the tongue, in the tonsil area, the uvula, and the back of the throat. The purpose of this reflex is to prevent objects from entering the throat that did not first progress through the normal swallowing process. It also helps prevent choking. Gag Reflex Progress When the reflex is triggered, the soft palate...

Duration:00:31:50

Episode 114 - Bad Breath

2/5/2018
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Bad Breath Basics Halitosis, aka bad breath, can have many causes. Some bad breath you can prevent with the choices you make, but some bad breath can be a sign of a more serious issue or disease. Oral Health You should brush your teeth for at least 2 minutes twice a day, including the surface of your tongue, then rinse your mouth with an antibacterial mouthwash. Follow one of your brushing sessions with a good flossing. This allows you to get any food debris and bacteria build-up out of...

Duration:00:16:52

Dysphagia - Episode 113

1/29/2018
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Dysphagia Basics Having difficulty swallowing or the inability to swallow is known as dysphagia. Symptoms of dysphagia include: Dysphagia by Phase There are several conditions that can affect each phase of the swallowing process. Oral Phase Dysphagia during the oral phase, or voluntary phase, can be caused by neurological conditions like Multiple Sclerosis, Muscular Dystrophy, advanced Parkinson's. Brain damage caused by trauma or stroke can also cause trouble swallowing in...

Duration:00:24:42

Episode 112 - Swallowing

1/22/2018
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The 3 Phases of Swallowing Oral Phase This phase includes chewing and saliva mixing with the food to form a bolus (a little glob of mashed up food). Then the tongue moves the bolus towards the back of the mouth. The tongue starts by pressing against the hard palate behind the front teeth. Then the sides of the tongue raise up to also press against the hard palate inside the teeth. At this point, the bolus has nowhere to go except towards the back of the throat. Pharyngeal Phase The...

Duration:00:26:50

Episode 111 - Tonsillectomy

1/8/2018
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What is a Tonsillectomy? A Tonsillectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the tonsils. Tonsil - immune system tissue in the back of the throat. -Ectomy = to remove something from the body. Removing the tonsils may be required if chronic tonsilitis is a problem. Chronic tonsilitis is defined as multiple infections in a row or an infection lasting 3 months or longer. Severe snoring and sleep apnea may be another reason to remove the tonsils, for the purpose of opening up the...

Duration:00:30:48

Episode 110 - Tonsils

12/11/2017
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Tonsils Basics Your tonsils can be found in the back of your throat. You can open your mouth and look in the mirror and see them on each side of your mouth behind your teeth and tongue. You can also feel them below your earlobes and behind your jaw bone. Tonsils are composed of lymph tissue since they are a part of your lymph system. They store white blood cells that help you fight off infection. Their activation during sickness is why they swell and get sore. They are covered with the...

Duration:00:21:25

Metallic Taste - Episode 109

12/4/2017
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Glossary Aguesia: no taste Hypoguesia: reduced ability to taste (no the same as when taste changes due to changes in ability to smell) Dysgeusia: dysfunctional taste - bad, salty, rotten, or metallic taste (metallic is the most common). Causes for Change Chemotherapy and radiation for cancer causes taste changes because the taste buds are rapid-cycling cells and the goal of chemo and radiation is to kill fast-growing cells (cancer cells are definitely fast-growing). Head trauma or...

Duration:00:17:57

Episode 108 - Taste buds

11/27/2017
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Review Smell plays a big part in your ability to taste. The bumps on your tongue that you can see are actually papillae. 4 Types of Papillae Filiform Filiform papillae are the most numerous papillae and are arranged in regular rows running parallel to the median sulcus. They are cone-shaped - either a single cone (like a volcano shape) or a frill of cones. These papillae don't actually taste flavors but they do sense touch. They work as cleaners, helping your tongue create friction...

Duration:00:21:18

Burning Mouth & Pepto Lips - Episode 107

11/20/2017
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Burning Mouth Syndrome Burning Mouth Syndrome is defined as a burning sensation with no underlying cause. It may include dry mouth sensations with no true symptoms of dry mouth. BMS is accompanied by unremitting burning or pain but no mucosal changes or signs of injury or swelling. 3 Categories Common Symptoms Subjective Descriptions Those who suffer from BMS may see temporary relief with topical analgesics (i.e. lidocaine or benzocaine) but see no improvement from systemic...

Duration:00:29:12

Tongue Issues - Episode 106

11/13/2017
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Born With... Ankyloglossia is also known as a tongue tie. It is a result of a short frenulum. This issue is easily corrected if it interferes with eating and talking. Macroglossia is a large tongue. This is one of the identifiable characteristics of Down's Syndrome. It is described as the tongue appears to be bigger than space in the mouth. Infected With... Strawberry tongue The tongue can appear extremely red and papillae are swollen to look like seeds on a strawberry. This is a...

Duration:00:22:30

Tongue - Episode 105

11/6/2017
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Tongue Basics Your tongue is made up of eight muscles. This is why it is called a muscular organ. It is the most important articulator in speech production. (A brief word dissection: articulate means to communicate something clearly. In medicine, articulate means to make a connection. It all makes sense!) The tip is called the apex. The crease down the middle is called the median lingual sulcus. There is another crease at the back of your tongue and it is called the sulcus...

Duration:00:13:22

Teeth Issues - 104

10/30/2017
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Teething Teething is mostly known as the phase of babies growing their first teeth. Eruption is when the tooth enamel shows through the gum tissue. A baby's first teeth grow in between 6 months and 2 years old. Before any of the teeth show, the gums can be swollen and bumpy. These symptoms can cause fussiness, sleeplessness, drooling, decreased appetite, excessive chewing, and overall grumpiness. A few controversial symptoms include fever, diarrhea, and rash. A fever less than 100.4*F can...

Duration:00:29:38

Episode 103 - Teeth Parts

10/23/2017
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Types of Teeth Incisors: You have 4 on the top and 4 on the bottom. Yes, it sounds like "scissors"; they are the teeth and cut and tear food (or the enemy?). They are in the very front of your mouth. Canines: You have 2 on the top and 2 on the bottom. Yes, canine, like a dog; they are sharp and pointed. These teeth are good for gripping and tearing. Also known as cuspids (one point). They are located at the "corners" of your teeth arch. Premolars: You have 4 on the top and 4 on the...

Duration:00:20:23

Episode 102 - Mouth Parts

10/16/2017
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Mouth Issues Ulcers They are uncomfortable and mostly non-serious. Also known as "canker sores". Can take 2-3 weeks to completely heal. Anything lasting over 3 weeks should be checked out by your doctor or dentist. Ulcers can appear on the inside of the cheeks or lips, the roof of the mouth, or the tongue. A minor ulcer versus a major ulcer is determined by the size of the sore and the layers of skin affected. Any ulcer that is bleeding should be checked out despite the length of time....

Duration:00:38:26

Episode 101 - Mouth Parts

10/9/2017
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Mouth Parts Lips: They are red due to blood flow. They have lots of nerve ending so they can be very sensitive. Our lips are used to manipulate food as we eat and make sounds as part of our speech. * The Divot above the center of your upper lip is called the philtrum. Gums: They are also known as the gingiva. Even though they are wet and look fleshy, healthy gums are quite resilient. Teeth: They are used for chewing, and possibly as a tool. Healthy teeth and gums seal together tightly...

Duration:00:39:33

Episode 100 - Manifesto

7/3/2017
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The podcast is going to take a break for the summer to regroup and plan new and fun things! In the meantime, catch up on episodes you missed or re-listen to them all! If you want to stick close for sneak peaks of new adventures and the reboot, join the Pharmacist Answers Podcast Community on Facebook (facebook.com/groups/PharmAnswersPod) If you've enjoyed the first chapter of The Pharmacist Answers Podcast, please leave a rating and review on your favorite podcast app. The new home...

Duration:00:11:22

Episode 98 - Sneezing

6/19/2017
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Sneezing is very forceful in your body. Review: the inside of your nose is covered with mucous membranes, and that mucus traps up things so they don't get into your lungs. Some little particles float through the air and into your nose. They will land on those mucous membranes and irritate it. That irritation sends a signal to your sneeze center of your brainstem. *Callback: Brainstem* The sneeze center sends out several signals. One goes to your diaphragm to tell it to compress the...

Duration:00:18:09

Episode 96 - Nose Issues

6/5/2017
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Issues that cause your breathing to fail: - Alleriges - congestion - Viruses - congestion - Deviated septum - the septum (the bone that separates the nasal cavity and divides your nostrils) can get crooked and change the size and access of the nostrils or nasal cavity. Can be from trauma, or may gradually get crooked from chronic pressure - Turbinate Hypertrophy - over-growth of tissue covering the turbinates (tissue-covered bones that add warmth and moisture to the air you breathe);...

Duration:00:23:32